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Harvard’s War on Elite Fraternities
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According to an opinion piece in The Harvard Crimson, while the final clubs occupy “huge physical and imaginary spaces at the center of campus“, they are completely unaccountable to the University’s anti-discrimination and social justice standards, foster "de facto sexual violence" and racism, use women as “props in male-dominated spaces”. A number of policies have been adopted by the University to discourage students from joining single-gender social clubs, which in their turn are suing Harvard for spreading negative stereotypes about their members.

Final clubs are like fraternities, only much fancier, with taxidermy bears, first-edition novels in wood-paneled libraries and placards memorializing “our brothers” who died in the Civil War. Boys in final clubs actually wear suits and ties to dinner.

A former female student wrote: “women at Harvard really do wait in tiny dresses outside ominous front doors on cold evenings to be ushered in, enduring endless once-overs in order to play in a certain sphere of the university’s social scene...”

“A few weeks ago, I get to the door of the Spee and this kid outside goes, “Oh, you’re not on the list. Is there a member you could call?” And I’m like, “First of all, I’ve been here for four years. Why am I still doing this? Second, honestly, I sit across from you in section, dude.”

Here are a few of the most prestigious final clubs:

Porcellian Club

Founded in 1791, the club does not allow nonmembers beyond the bike room. Members have included Teddy Roosevelt and Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, the twin internet entrepreneurs portrayed in The Social Network.

Fly Club

The Fly is “a pretty prominent one: Upper East Side kids in Tod’s loafers and blue blazers,” said a former member. It has boasted Franklin D. Roosevelt and Jared Kushner among its members.

Fox Club

Bill Gates is a former member of the 119-year-old club. It’s “where the nicest guys and the most professionally ambitious belong.”

Spee Club

A favorite club for “rich kids who like going to nightclubs in Boston.” Past members include John F. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy.

Franklin D. Roosevelt declared that not being punched by the Porcellian, the oldest and most prestigious final club, was “the greatest disappointment in his life.” He ended up joining the Fly Club.

Punch season begins in September and lasts until the annual Harvard-Yale game in November. For a club’s first event, around 200 sophomores are invited to a cocktail party. After that, the list is cut to around 50. According to a former member, “the next event is typically a date event at a castle in Newport, Rhode Island. You put on a coat and tie and get bused down there with your date”. Thirty punches are brought to a final dinner at the club, and 10 or 20 of them become club members. Some clubs even fly prospective members out for all-expense-paid trips to New York City or Los Angeles. “We want the coolest kids on campus to be in our club.”

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Los Angeles [videos]
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an 
Los Angeles - MacArthur Park in Westlake
Los Angeles - A very clear evening view of Mount Lee and the Hollywood Sign from the Griffith Observatory lawn, one day after a rain.
MacArthur Park in Westlake
A very clear evening view of Mount Lee and the Hollywood Sign from the Griffith Observatory lawn, one day after a rain.
Harvard University [videos]
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest 
Harvard University - John Harvard statue, Harvard Yard
Harvard University - Richard Rummell's 1906 watercolor landscape view, facing northeast.
Richard Rummell's 1906 watercolor landscape view, facing northeast.
Harvard University - Harvard Yard as seen from the Smith Campus Center
Harvard University - University seal
University seal
Fraternities and sororities [videos]
Fraternities and sororities, or Greek letter organizations are social organizations at colleges and universities. A form of the social fraternity, they are prominent in the United States, with small numbers of mostly non-residential fraternities 
Fraternities and sororities - The fraternity system in North America began at the College of William and Mary in 1750.
Fraternities and sororities - Members of Phi Kappa Sigma at Washington & Jefferson College in 1872
The fraternity system in North America began at the College of William and Mary in 1750.
Fraternities and sororities - U.S. Army soldiers, presumably members of Sigma Phi Epsilon, display that fraternity's flag in Iraq in 2009.
Fraternities and sororities - The Kappa Kappa Gamma chapter house at the University of Illinois
U.S. Army soldiers, presumably members of Sigma Phi Epsilon, display that fraternity's flag in Iraq in 2009.
The Kappa Kappa Gamma chapter house at the University of Illinois
Taxidermy [videos]
Taxidermy is the preserving of an animal's body via mounting or stuffing, for the purpose of display or study. Animals are often, but not always, portrayed in a lifelike state. The word taxidermy describes the process of preserving the animal, but the word is also used to 
Taxidermy - Wilmer W. Tanner with a mounted tiger at the Brigham Young University Life Sciences Museum
Taxidermy - Primate and pachyderm taxidermy at the Rahmat International Wildlife Museum & Gallery, Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia
Wilmer W. Tanner with a mounted tiger at the Brigham Young University Life Sciences Museum
Primate and pachyderm taxidermy at the Rahmat International Wildlife Museum & Gallery, Medan, Sumatra, Indonesia
Taxidermy - Theodore Roosevelt's taxidermy kit, private collection
Taxidermy - Walter Potter's Rabbit School, 1930s
Theodore Roosevelt's taxidermy kit, private collection
Walter Potter's Rabbit School, 1930s
American Civil War [videos]
The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of 
American Civil War - Sen. Stephen Douglas, author of the Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854
American Civil War - Sen. John J. Crittenden, of the 1860 Crittenden Compromise
Sen. Stephen Douglas, author of the Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854
Sen. John J. Crittenden, of the 1860 Crittenden Compromise
American Civil War - The first published imprint of secession, a broadside issued by the Charleston Mercury, December 20, 1860
American Civil War - Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)
The first published imprint of secession, a broadside issued by the Charleston Mercury, December 20, 1860
Jared Kushner [videos]
Jared Corey Kushner is an American investor, real-estate developer, and newspaper publisher who is currently senior advisor to his father-in-law, Donald Trump, the President of the United States. Kushner is the elder son of the former real-estate developer Charles Kushner 
Jared Kushner - Kushner Companies purchased 666 Fifth Avenue in 2007 for $1.8 billion, the most expensive single property purchase in US history at the time.
Jared Kushner - Peter W. Kaplan and Kushner, September 2008
Kushner Companies purchased 666 Fifth Avenue in 2007 for $1.8 billion, the most expensive single property purchase in US history at the time.
Peter W. Kaplan and Kushner, September 2008
Jared Kushner - Kushner and the Trump family, pictured at a campaign victory party in Des Moines, Iowa, on February 1, 2016
Jared Kushner - Kushner during the April 2017 Syrian missile strike operation
Kushner and the Trump family, pictured at a campaign victory party in Des Moines, Iowa, on February 1, 2016
Kushner during the April 2017 Syrian missile strike operation
Bill Gates [videos]
William Henry Gates III is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, and humanitarian. He is best known as the principal founder of Microsoft Corporation. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software 
Bill Gates - Gates in March 2018
Bill Gates - Gates delivers a speech at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, January 2008.
Gates in March 2018
Gates delivers a speech at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, January 2008.
Bill Gates - Gates giving his deposition at Microsoft on August 27, 1998
Bill Gates - Gates meets with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, February 2017
Gates giving his deposition at Microsoft on August 27, 1998
Gates meets with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis, February 2017
Boston [videos]
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it also the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as 
Boston - A south east view of the great town of Boston in New England in America (c. 1730)
Boston - In 1773, a group of Boston rebels threw a shipment of tea by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor as a response to the Tea Act, in an event known as the Boston Tea Party
A south east view of the great town of Boston in New England in America (c. 1730)
In 1773, a group of Boston rebels threw a shipment of tea by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor as a response to the Tea Act, in an event known as the Boston Tea Party
Boston - Cutting down Beacon Hill in 1811; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House
Boston - Haymarket Square, 1909
Cutting down Beacon Hill in 1811; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House
John F. Kennedy [videos]
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician and journalist who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. He served at the height of the 
John F. Kennedy - Lieutenant (junior grade) Kennedy (standing at right) with his PT-109 crew, 1943
John F. Kennedy - Kennedy on his navy patrol boat, the PT-109, 1943
Lieutenant (junior grade) Kennedy (standing at right) with his PT-109 crew, 1943
Kennedy on his navy patrol boat, the PT-109, 1943
John F. Kennedy - Kennedy lying on a gurney following spinal surgery, accompanied by Jackie, December 1954
John F. Kennedy - Kennedy endorsing Adlai Stevenson II for the presidential nomination at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
Kennedy lying on a gurney following spinal surgery, accompanied by Jackie, December 1954
Kennedy endorsing Adlai Stevenson II for the presidential nomination at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
Newport, Rhode Island [videos]
Newport is a seaside city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, located approximately 33 miles southeast of Providence, Rhode Island, 20 miles south of Fall River, Massachusetts, 73 miles south of Boston, and 180 miles northeast of New York City. It 
Newport, Rhode Island - Naval War College
Newport, Rhode Island - Shoreline of the Easton Bay looking south from cliffside at east end of Narragansett Ave.
Shoreline of the Easton Bay looking south from cliffside at east end of Narragansett Ave.
Newport, Rhode Island - Sailing
Newport, Rhode Island - Image: Newport, Rhode Island Aerial View
Sailing
Image: Newport, Rhode Island Aerial View
New York City [videos]
The City of New York, usually called either New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States and in the U.S. state of New York. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is 
New York City - Clockwise, from top: Midtown Manhattan, Times Square, the Unisphere, the Brooklyn Bridge, Lower Manhattan with One World Trade Center, Central Park, the headquarters of the United Nations, and the Statue of Liberty
New York City - New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York".
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York".
New York City - Fort George and the city of New York c. 1731
New York City - The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Fort George and the city of New York c. 1731
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Porcellian Club [videos]
The Porcellian Club is an all-male final club at Harvard University, sometimes called the Porc or the P.C. The year of founding is usually given as 1791, when a group began meeting under the name "the Argonauts," or as 1794, the year of the roast pig dinner at which the club, known first as "the 
Porcellian Club - A menu from a dinner at the Porcellian Club 1884 (original in the Buttolph collection of menus, NYPL)
Porcellian Club - The Steward (1919) by Joseph DeCamp.
A menu from a dinner at the Porcellian Club 1884 (original in the Buttolph collection of menus, NYPL)
The Steward (1919) by Joseph DeCamp.
Porcellian Club - McKean Gate.
Porcellian Club - Image: 1324 Massachusetts Ave Cambridge MA
McKean Gate.
Image: 1324 Massachusetts Ave Cambridge MA
Upper East Side [videos]
The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 96th Street. The area incorporates several smaller neighborhoods, including Lenox Hill, Carnegie Hill, and Yorkville. Once known as the Silk 
Upper East Side - Park Avenue on the Upper East Side, lined with apartment buildings, looking north from East 74th Street (September 2016)
Upper East Side - 45 East 66th Street, a designated New York City landmark, as seen across Madison Avenue
Park Avenue on the Upper East Side, lined with apartment buildings, looking north from East 74th Street (September 2016)
45 East 66th Street, a designated New York City landmark, as seen across Madison Avenue
Upper East Side - Musical Mutual Protective Union, 85th Street
Upper East Side - The Metropolitan Museum of Art at Fifth Avenue and 82nd Street
Franklin D. Roosevelt [videos]
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A Democrat, he won a record four presidential elections 
Franklin D. Roosevelt - Springwood, the birthplace and lifelong home of Franklin Roosevelt, located in Hyde Park, New York
Franklin D. Roosevelt - Roosevelt with Miss Mosenthal and Theodore Douglas Robinson during the travel around Norway in 1901 (Stalheim at Voss)
Springwood, the birthplace and lifelong home of Franklin Roosevelt, located in Hyde Park, New York
Roosevelt with Miss Mosenthal and Theodore Douglas Robinson during the travel around Norway in 1901 (Stalheim at Voss)
Franklin D. Roosevelt - Eleanor and Franklin with their first two children, 1908
Franklin D. Roosevelt - Roosevelt supported Governor Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential election
Eleanor and Franklin with their first two children, 1908
Roosevelt supported Governor Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential election
Robert F. Kennedy [videos]
Robert Francis Kennedy was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator from New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968. Kennedy, like his 
Robert F. Kennedy - The Kennedy family at Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, in 1931 with Robert on the bottom left in a jacket
Robert F. Kennedy - Robert, Ted, and President John F. Kennedy outside the Oval Office in 1963
The Kennedy family at Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, in 1931 with Robert on the bottom left in a jacket
Robert, Ted, and President John F. Kennedy outside the Oval Office in 1963
Robert F. Kennedy - Robert Kennedy testifying before the Senate Committee on Government Operations' Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations about organized crime, September 1963
Robert F. Kennedy - J. Edgar Hoover (middle) with John and Robert Kennedy in 1961
Robert Kennedy testifying before the Senate Committee on Government Operations' Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations about organized crime, September 1963
J. Edgar Hoover (middle) with John and Robert Kennedy in 1961
Theodore Roosevelt [videos]
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was an American statesman, sportsman, conservationist and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He previously served as the 25th vice president of the United States from March to 
Theodore Roosevelt - Roosevelt around 1904
Theodore Roosevelt - Theodore and Elliot Roosevelt watch Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession passing their grandfather's mansion in New York City.
Roosevelt around 1904
Theodore and Elliot Roosevelt watch Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession passing their grandfather's mansion in New York City.
Theodore Roosevelt - Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Cocktail [videos]
A cocktail is an alcoholic mixed drink, which is either a combination of spirits, or one or more spirits mixed with other ingredients such as fruit juice, lemonade, flavored syrup, or cream. There are various types of cocktails, based on the number and kind of ingredients added. The origins of the 
Cocktail - A martini cocktail, served in a cocktail glass
Cocktail - The first definition of a Cocktail by Harry Croswell
A martini cocktail, served in a cocktail glass
The first definition of a Cocktail by Harry Croswell
Slip-on shoe [videos]
Slip-ons are typically low, lace-less shoes. The style most commonly seen, known as a loafer or slippers in American culture, has a moccasin construction. One of the first designs was introduced in London by Wildsmith Shoes, called the Wildsmith Loafer. They began as casual shoes, but have 
Slip-on shoe - Traditional costumes and shoes from inner Sogn district. Painting by Johan Fredrik Eckersberg, printed 1861
Slip-on shoe - Image: Produksjon av Aurlandssko no nb digifoto 20150325 00012 NB MIT FNR 02758 B
Traditional costumes and shoes from inner Sogn district. Painting by Johan Fredrik Eckersberg, printed 1861
Image: Produksjon av Aurlandssko no nb digifoto 20150325 00012 NB MIT FNR 02758 B
The Social Network [videos]
The Social Network is a 2010 American biographical drama film directed by David Fincher and written by Aaron Sorkin. Adapted from Ben Mezrich's 2009 book The Accidental Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook, a Tale of Sex, Money, Genius and Betrayal, the film portrays the founding of social 
The Social Network - Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg expressed his dissatisfaction with a film being made about him and noted that much of the film's plot was not factual
The Social Network - Theatrical release poster
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg expressed his dissatisfaction with a film being made about him and noted that much of the film's plot was not factual
Theatrical release poster
The Harvard Crimson [videos]
The Harvard Crimson, the daily student newspaper of Harvard University, was founded in 1873. It is the only daily newspaper in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and is run entirely by Harvard College undergraduates. — About The Crimson — Any student who volunteers and completes a series of requirements 
The Harvard Crimson - The Harvard Crimson office
The Harvard Crimson - Image: The Harvard Crimson Front Page
The Harvard Crimson office
Image: The Harvard Crimson Front Page
Harvard–Yale football rivalry [videos]
The Harvard–Yale football rivalry is renewed annually with The Game, an American college football contest between the Harvard Crimson football team of Harvard University and the Yale Bulldogs football team of Yale University. The contest concludes the season for both programs, the winner does not 
Harvard–Yale football rivalry - Half-time festivities at The Game, Yale Bowl.
Harvard–Yale football rivalry - Image: Harvard's Little Red Flag
Half-time festivities at The Game, Yale Bowl.
Image: Harvard's Little Red Flag
Fly Club [videos]
The Fly Club is a final club, traditionally "punching" male undergraduates of Harvard College during their sophomore or junior year. Undergraduate and graduate members participate in club activities. — Founded 1836 as a literary society by the editors of Harvardiana 
Fly Club - The Fly Club's clubhouse.
Fly Club - Fly Club Medallion of  Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
The Fly Club's clubhouse.
Fly Club Medallion of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Tyler Winklevoss [videos]
Tyler Howard Winklevoss is an American rower, entrepreneur, and founder of Winklevoss Capital Management. He competed in the men's pair rowing event at the 2008 Summer Olympics with his identical twin brother and rowing partner, Cameron Winklevoss. Winklevoss co-founded 
Tyler Winklevoss - Image: Tyler Winklevoss
Image: Tyler Winklevoss
Cameron Winklevoss [videos]
Cameron Howard Winklevoss is an American rower, entrepreneur, and founder of Winklevoss Capital Management. He competed in the men's pair rowing event at the 2008 Beijing Olympics with his identical twin brother and rowing partner, Tyler Winklevoss. Cameron and his brother 
Cameron Winklevoss - Cameron Winklevoss at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
Cameron Winklevoss at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
Spee Club (Harvard) [videos]
The Spee Club is a final club at Harvard University. After voting to adopt a gender-neutral membership policy in September 2015, the Spee Club became the first Harvard final club to admit both male and female members. The clubhouse is located at 76 Mount Auburn Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts 
Spee Club (Harvard) - Spee Club Clubhouse - 76 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge MA
Spee Club Clubhouse - 76 Mount Auburn St, Cambridge MA
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