Magenta is a color that is variously defined as purplish-red, reddish-purple, or mauvish-crimson. On computer screens, it is made by mixing equal amounts of blue, on color wheels of the RGB and CMY color models, it is located midway between red and blue. It is the color of green. It is one of the four colors of ink used in printing and by an inkjet printer, along with cyan, yellow. The tone of magenta used in printing is called printers magenta, Magenta was first introduced as the color of a new aniline dye called fuchsine, patented in 1859 by the French chemist François-Emmanuel Verguin. Its name was changed the year to magenta, to celebrate a victory of the French and Sardinian army at the Battle of Magenta on June 4,1859. The web color magenta is called fuchsia. Magenta is a color, meaning that it is not found in the visible spectrum of light. Rather, it is physiologically and psychologically perceived as the mixture of red and violet/blue light, with the absence of green. In the RGB color system, used to all the colors on a television or computer display, magenta is a secondary color, made by combining equal amounts of red.
In this system, magenta is the color of green. In the CMYK color model, used in printing, it is one of the three primary colors, along with cyan and yellow, used to print all the rest of the colors. If magenta and yellow are printed on top of each other on a page, in this model, magenta is the complementary color of green, and these two colors have the highest contrast and the greatest harmony. If combined and magenta ink will look dark gray or black, the magenta used in color printing, sometimes called process magenta, is a darker shade than the color used on computer screens. A purple hue in terms of theory, magenta is evoked by light having less power in green wavelengths than in blue/violet. In the Munsell color system, magenta is called red–purple, if the spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, magenta appears midway between red and violet. Violet and red, the two components of magenta, are at opposite ends of the spectrum and have very different wavelengths. The additive secondary color magenta, as noted above, is made by combining violet and red light at equal intensity, in optics and magenta are essentially the same color
Secret Court of 1920
The Secret Court of 1920 was an ad hoc disciplinary tribunal of five administrators at Harvard University formed to investigate charges of homosexual activity among the student population. They were expelled or had their association with the university severed, Two of the students were readmitted. The affair went unreported until 2002, on May 13,1920, Cyril Wilcox, a Harvard undergraduate, committed suicide by inhaling gas in his parents house in Fall River, Massachusetts. Newspaper reports called the death accidental, at the time Wilcox had been warned about his poor academic performance and had withdrawn from school for reasons of health. The night before his death, Wilcox had confessed to his brother, George Lester Wilcox, himself a graduate of Harvard, that he had been having an affair with Harry Dreyfus. George, shortly after his brothers death, intercepted two letters to Cyril, one from Ernest Roberts, a Harvard student, and another from Harold Saxton and their candid and detailed gossip convinced him that Harvard was harboring a network of homosexual students.
On May 22, George Wilcox located Dreyfus, extracted from him the names of three men involved, and beat him. Later that day, he met with Harvards Acting Dean Greenough and shared what he knew, his brothers admission, the contents of the letters, the participants themselves called it The Court to distinguish it from the usual Administrative Board. The unspecific name disguised the subject of its investigations, Acting Dean Greenough was to head the Court. Another senior member was Professor of Hygiene Robert I, the doctor responsible for the students annual physical examinations, who had experience posing intimate questions about sexual activity. A third was Regent Matthew Luce, whose responsibilities included student discipline and conduct, especially housing and they were all roughly forty years old or more. Two young Assistant Deans, Edward R. Gay and Kenneth Murdock, the Court reported to President Lowell, and his rulings were final. At this point Greenough could identify Roberts, the author of one of the letters to Cyril Wilcox, the same day the Dean formed the Court, he spoke to a graduate student in business, Windsor Hosmer.
He told the Dean he knew that Roberts hosted parties, but caused no disturbance and he was given three days to monitor visits to Roberts room and report both current and past visitors. A few days later, Hosmer returned to report that the last two boys had objected to his inclusion of their names, an unsigned, typed letter dated May 26 now confirmed and enlarged upon what Greenough had learned from George Wilcox. It probably reached the Dean just as the Court began interviewing students, at these parties were sailors in uniform whom Roberts and friends of his type picked up in the streets of Boston and used for his dirty immoral purposes. Then he named as regular participants three students—Kenneth Day, Edward Say and Eugene Cummings—as well as the tutor Saxton, who was known to Greenough. He pressed home his point by describing the parties where the most disgusting and disgraceful and revolting acts of degeneracy, Finally he urged the Dean on with a rhetorical question, Isnt it about time an end was put to this sort of thing in college
Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and an online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. Facebook gradually added support for students at other universities. Since 2006, anyone age 13 and older has been allowed to become a user of Facebook, though variations exist in the minimum age requirement. The Facebook name comes from the face book directories often given to United States university students, Facebook may be accessed by a large range of desktops, tablet computers, and smartphones over the Internet and mobile networks. After registering to use the site, users can create a user profile indicating their name, schools attended and so on. Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups organized by workplace, hobbies or other topics, in groups, editors can pin posts to top. Additionally, users can complain about or block unpleasant people, because of the large volume of data that users submit to the service, Facebook has come under scrutiny for its privacy policies.
Facebook makes most of its revenue from advertisements which appear onscreen, Inc. held its initial public offering in February 2012, and began selling stock to the public three months later, reaching an original peak market capitalization of $104 billion. On July 13,2015, Facebook became the fastest company in the Standard & Poors 500 Index to reach a market cap of $250 billion, Facebook has more than 1.86 billion monthly active users as of December 31,2016. As of April 2016, Facebook was the most popular social networking site in the world, Facebook classifies users from the ages of 13 to 18 as minors and therefore sets their profiles to share content with friends only. Zuckerberg wrote a program called Facemash on October 28,2003 while attending Harvard University as a sophomore, to accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacked into protected areas of Harvards computer network and copied private dormitory ID images. Facemash attracted 450 visitors and 22,000 photo-views in its first four hours online, the site was quickly forwarded to several campus group list-servers, but was shut down a few days by the Harvard administration.
Zuckerberg faced expulsion and was charged by the administration with breach of security, violating copyrights, Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that semester by creating a social study tool ahead of an art history final exam. He uploaded 500 Augustan images to a website, each of which was featured with a corresponding comments section and he shared the site with his classmates, and people started sharing notes. The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004 and he said that he was inspired by an editorial about the Facemash incident in The Harvard Crimson. On February 4,2004, Zuckerberg launched Thefacebook, originally located at thefacebook. com. com and they claimed that he was instead using their ideas to build a competing product. The three complained to The Harvard Crimson and the newspaper began an investigation and they filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg, subsequently settling in 2008 for 1.2 million shares. Membership was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, within the first month, eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, Andrew McCollum, and Chris Hughes joined Zuckerberg to help promote the website
Radcliffe College was a womens liberal arts college in Cambridge and functioned as a female coordinate institution for the all-male Harvard College. A formal non-merger merger agreement with Harvard was signed in 1977, under the terms of the 1999 consolidation, the Radcliffe Yard and the Radcliffe Quadrangle retain the Radcliffe designation in perpetuity. The Harvard Annex, a program for the instruction of women by Harvard faculty, was founded in 1879 after prolonged efforts by women to gain access to Harvard College. Arthur Gilman, Cambridge resident, banker and writer, was the founder of what became The Annex/Radcliffe, in conversations with the chair of Harvards classics department, he outlined a plan to have Harvard faculty deliver instruction to a small group of Cambridge and Boston women. He approached Harvard President Charles William Eliot with the idea and Eliot recruited a group of prominent and well-connected Cambridge women to manage the plan. These women were Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Mary H.
Cooke, Stella Scott Gilman, Ellen Hooper Gurney, Alice Mary Longfellow and Lillian Horsford. Building upon Gilmans premise, the committee convinced 44 members of the Harvard faculty to consider giving lectures to students in exchange for extra income paid by the committee. The program came to be known informally as The Harvard Annex, the course of study for the first year included 51 courses in 13 subject areas, an impressive curriculum with greater diversity than that of any other womens college at its inception. Courses were offered in Greek, English, French and Spanish, political economy, music, mathematics and natural history. The first graduation took place in the library of Longfellow House on Brattle Street. The committee members hoped that by raising an enticing endowment for The Annex they would be able to convince Harvard to admit women directly into Harvard College, some of President Eliots objections stemmed from 19th century notions of propriety. He was strongly against co-education, commenting that The difficulties involved in a residence of hundreds of young men and women of immature character.
The necessary police regulations are exceedingly burdensome, the committee persevered despite Eliots skepticism. Indeed, the proved to be a success, attracting a growing number of students. As a result, the Annex was incorporated in 1882 as the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women, with Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, widow of Harvard professor Louis Agassiz and this Society awarded certificates to students but did not have the power to confer academic degrees. This modification of the Annex was chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as Radcliffe College in 1894, the Boston Globe reported President of Harvard To Sign Parchments of the Fair Graduates). Students seeking admission to the new college were required to sit for the same entrance examinations required of Harvard students. By 1896, the Globe could headline a story, Sweet Girls and they Graduate in Shoals at Radcliffe
Although never formally affiliated with any denomination, the early College primarily trained Congregationalist and Unitarian clergy. Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century, james Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College, Harvards $34.5 billion financial endowment is the largest of any academic institution. Harvard is a large, highly residential research university, the nominal cost of attendance is high, but the Universitys large endowment allows it to offer generous financial aid packages. Harvards alumni include eight U. S. presidents, several heads of state,62 living billionaires,359 Rhodes Scholars. To date, some 130 Nobel laureates,18 Fields Medalists, Harvard was formed in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
In 1638, it obtained British North Americas first known printing press, in 1639 it was named Harvard College after deceased clergyman John Harvard an alumnus of the University of Cambridge who had left the school £779 and his scholars library of some 400 volumes. The charter creating the Harvard Corporation was granted in 1650 and it offered a classic curriculum on the English university model—many leaders in the colony had attended the University of Cambridge—but conformed to the tenets of Puritanism. It was never affiliated with any denomination, but many of its earliest graduates went on to become clergymen in Congregational. The leading Boston divine Increase Mather served as president from 1685 to 1701, in 1708, John Leverett became the first president who was not a clergyman, which marked a turning of the college toward intellectual independence from Puritanism. When the Hollis Professor of Divinity David Tappan died in 1803 and the president of Harvard Joseph Willard died a year later, in 1804, in 1846, the natural history lectures of Louis Agassiz were acclaimed both in New York and on the campus at Harvard College.
Agassizs approach was distinctly idealist and posited Americans participation in the Divine Nature, agassizs perspective on science combined observation with intuition and the assumption that a person can grasp the divine plan in all phenomena. When it came to explaining life-forms, Agassiz resorted to matters of shape based on an archetype for his evidence. Charles W. Eliot, president 1869–1909, eliminated the position of Christianity from the curriculum while opening it to student self-direction. While Eliot was the most crucial figure in the secularization of American higher education, he was motivated not by a desire to secularize education, during the 20th century, Harvards international reputation grew as a burgeoning endowment and prominent professors expanded the universitys scope. Rapid enrollment growth continued as new schools were begun and the undergraduate College expanded. Radcliffe College, established in 1879 as sister school of Harvard College, Harvard became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900.
In the early 20th century, the student body was predominately old-stock, high-status Protestants, especially Episcopalians, Congregationalists, by the 1970s it was much more diversified
Drew Gilpin Faust
Catharine Drew Gilpin Faust is an American historian, college administrator and the President of Harvard University. Faust is the first woman to serve as Harvards president and the universitys 28th president overall, Faust is the fifth woman to serve as president of an Ivy League university and is the former dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Faust is Harvards first president since 1672 without an undergraduate or graduate degree from Harvard, in 2014, she was ranked as the 33rd most powerful woman in the world by Forbes. She was born Catharine Drew Gilpin in New York City and raised in Clarke County and she is the daughter of Catharine Ginna and McGhee Tyson Gilpin, her father was a Princeton graduate and breeder of thoroughbred horses. Her paternal great-grandfather, Lawrence Tyson, was a U. S, senator from Tennessee during the 1920s. Faust has New England ancestry and is a descendant of the Puritan divine Rev, jonathan Edwards, the third president of Princeton. She graduated from Concord Academy, Massachusetts, in 1964 and she earned her BA from Bryn Mawr College in 1968.
She graduated magna cum laude honors in history. In the same year, she joined the University of Pennsylvania faculty as assistant professor of American civilization, based on her research and teaching, she rose to Walter Annenberg Professor of History. Craven Award from the Organization of American Historians in 1997 and her works include James Henry Hammond and Old South, a biography of James Henry Hammond, Governor of South Carolina from 1842–1844. Faust’s most recent book, This Republic of Suffering, was a critically acclaimed exploration of how the United States understanding of death was shaped by the losses during the Civil War. It was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award, in 2001, Faust was appointed as the first dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, established after the merger of Radcliffe College with Harvard University. On February 8,2007, The Harvard Crimson reported that Faust had been selected as the president of the university. Following formal approval by the governing boards, her appointment was made official three days later.
Derek Bok, who had served as President of Harvard from 1971–1991, during a press conference on campus Faust said, I hope that my own appointment can be one symbol of an opening of opportunities that would have been inconceivable even a generation ago. She added, Im not the president of Harvard. On October 12,2007, Faust delivered her address, saying, A university is not about results in the next quarter. It is about learning that molds a lifetime, learning that transmits the heritage of millennia, one of Fausts first initiatives was significantly increasing financial aid offered to students at Harvard College
Joseph Raymond Joe McCarthy was an American politician who was a U. S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957, beginning in 1950, McCarthy became the most visible public face of a period in which Cold War tensions fueled fears of widespread Communist subversion. He was noted for alleging large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the federal government, the controversy he generated led him to be censured by the U. S. Senate. The term McCarthyism, coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthys practices, was applied to similar anti-communist activities. Today, the term is used in reference to what are considered demagogic, born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin, McCarthy commissioned in to the Marine Corps in 1942, where he served as an intelligence briefing officer for a dive bomber squadron. Following the end of World War II, he attained the rank of major and he volunteered to fly twelve combat missions as a gunner-observer, acquiring the nickname Tail-Gunner Joe.
Some of his claims of heroism were shown to be exaggerated or falsified, McCarthy successfully ran for the U. S. Senate in 1946, defeating Robert M. He used various charges of communism, communist sympathies, disloyalty, or sex crimes to attack a number of politicians and this included a concurrent Lavender Scare against suspected homosexuals. With the highly publicized Army–McCarthy hearings of 1954, and following the suicide of Wyoming Senator Lester C. Hunt that same year, McCarthys support and popularity faded. On December 2,1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67–22, McCarthy died at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland on May 2,1957, at the age of 48. The official cause of death was acute hepatitis, some biographers say this was caused or exacerbated by alcoholism. S. During the 1940s and 1950s was larger than many suspected and these suggestions have been the subject of dispute. McCarthy was born in 1908 on a farm in the Town of Grand Chute in Outagamie County and his mother, was from County Tipperary, Ireland.
His father, Timothy McCarthy, was born in the United States, the son of an Irish father, McCarthy dropped out of junior high school at age 14 to help his parents manage their farm. He entered Little Wolf High School, in Manawa, Wisconsin and he attended Marquette University from 1930 to 1935. McCarthy worked his way through college, studying first engineering, law, McCarthy was admitted to the bar in 1935. While working at a law firm in Shawano, Wisconsin, he launched a campaign for district attorney as a Democrat in 1936. In 1939, McCarthy had better success when he ran for the elected post of 10th District circuit judge
Harvard College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard University. Founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, it is the oldest institution of learning in the United States. The school came into existence in 1636 by vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony—though without a single building, in 1638, the college became home for North Americas first known printing press, carried by the ship John of London. Three years later, the college was renamed in honor of deceased Charlestown minister John Harvard who had bequeathed to the school his entire library, Harvards first instructor was schoolmaster Nathaniel Eaton, in 1639, he became its first instructor to be dismissed, for overstrict discipline. The schools first students were graduated in 1642, in 1665, Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck from the Wampanoag … did graduate from Harvard, the first Indian to do so in the colonial period. The colleges of Englands Oxford and Cambridge Universities are communities within the university, each an association of scholars sharing room.
The Indian College was active from 1640 to no than 1693, the body known as The President and Fellows of Harvard College retains its traditional name despite having governance of the entire University. Radcliffe College originally paid Harvard faculty to repeat their lectures for women students, since the 1970s, Harvard has been responsible for undergraduate governance matters for women, women were still formally admitted to and graduated from Radcliffe until a final merger in 1999. About 2,000 students are admitted each year, representing between five and ten percent of those applying, of those admitted, approximately three-quarters choose to attend and these figures make Harvard perhaps the most selective and sought-after college in the world. Midway through the year, most undergraduates join one of fifty standard fields of concentration. Joint concentrations and special concentrations are possible, a smaller number receive the Scientiarum Baccalaureus. There are special programs, such as a five-year program leading to both a Harvard undergraduate degree and a Master of Arts from the New England Conservatory of Music.
In 2012, dozens of students were disciplined for cheating on an exam in one course. The university instituted a code beginning in the fall of 2015. The total annual cost of attendance, including tuition and room and board, under financial aid guidelines adopted in 2012, families with incomes below $65,000 no longer pay anything for their children to attend, including room and board. Families with incomes between $65,000 to $150,000 pay no more than 10% of their annual income, grants total 88% of Harvards aid for undergraduate students, with aid provided by loans and work-study. Each house is presided over by a senior-faculty Faculty Dean, while its Allston Burr Resident Dean supervises undergraduates day-to-day academic, many tutors reside in the House, as do the Faculty Dean and Resident Dean. The way in which students come to live in particular Houses has changed greatly over time, under the original draft system, Masters negotiated privately over the assignment of rising sophomores considered most—or least—promising
A student publication is a publication run by students of a university, high school, middle school, or other school. These papers traditionally cover local and, school or university news, working for ones high school newspaper is sometimes an extracurricular activity, but often is integrated with offered journalism classes. Some schools have both a class in which students learn about newspapers and a class that produces the schools newspaper. University student newspapers in the Australia are usually independent of university administration yet are connected with or run by the student representative organisation operating at the campus, australian student newspapers have courted controversy since their inception. One of the more notorious of these involved the publication of an article which allegedly incited readers to shoplift. The July edition of the magazine was banned by the Office of Film and Literature Classication following a campaign by conservative radio hosts. The four editors of the July 1995 edition of La Trobe University student magazine Rabelais were subsequently charged with publishing and depositing an objectionable publication, an objectional publication was defined in this case, as one that incites criminal activity.
The editors lodged an appeal, which led to a protracted court case. The appeal was eventually defeated by the bench of the Federal Court. The charges were dropped in March 1999. Many student newspapers in Canada are independent from their universities and student unions, such autonomous papers are funded by student fees won by referendums, as well as advertising, and are run by their staffs, with no faculty input. The oldest student publication in Canada is The Brunswickan, which was founded in 1867 as a monthly, the only Canadian student newspaper that continues to print on a daily schedule is The Gazette at the University of Western Ontario. Student publications are produced at Irelands universities and Institutes of Technology as well as to an extent at Colleges of Further Education. Other publications include The Edition, at Dublin Institute of Technology, all student publications in Ireland are funded by or linked to their host university or its students union, with the exception of UCDs College Tribune which operates independently.
Irish student publications are invited each year to enter the national Student Media Awards, almost every university in Korea runs a student based press. Although many of these press are funded by the school, the press has a significant amount of say amongst the student body. DsVista - the Official Publication of Duksung Womens University, the College Editorial Guild of the Philippines or is the oldest and broadest intercollegiate alliance of student publications in the Asia-Pacific. Since its foundation, the Guild has remained steadfast in its commitment to freedom of expression, press freedom
President and Fellows of Harvard College
The President and Fellows of Harvard College is the smaller of Harvard Universitys two governing boards, the other being its Board of Overseers. Although the institution it governs has grown into Harvard University, the formal title remains the President. The corporation was originally intended to be a body of the schools resident instructors. The Corporation is self-perpetuating, appointing new members to fill its own vacancies as they arise, there are currently thirteen members of the Corporation. Their names and degrees that each received from a school of Harvard University are shown below and Fellows of Harvard College
Yale Daily News
The Yale Daily News is an independent student newspaper published by Yale University students in New Haven, Connecticut since January 28,1878. Called the YDN, the paper is produced in the Briton Hadden Memorial Building at 202 York Street in New Haven and printed off-site at Turley Publications in Palmer, Massachusetts. Each day, mainly freshmen and sophomores, cover the university, an expanded sports section is published on Monday, a two-page Opinion Forum on Friday, and WEEKEND, an arts and living section, on Friday. The News prints an Arts & Culture spread on Wednesdays and a Science, Yale TV, the broadcast desk of the Yale Daily News, publishes an online video segment Mondays and Fridays. Staff members are elected as editors on the managing board during their junior year. A single chairman led the News until 1970, the editor-in-chief and publisher act as co-presidents of the Yale Daily News Publishing Company. The News View, an editorial, represents the position of the majority of the editorial board.
In 1969, Yale College became coeducational, and by 1972, Mally Cox, andy Perkins was elected as the first female editor in chief in 1981, and Amy Oshinsky was elected as the first female publisher in 1977. The paper version of the News is distributed for free throughout Yales campus, the paper was once a subscription-only publication, delivered to student postal boxes for $40 a year. Subscriptions declined after the 1986 founding of the weekly Yale Herald student newspaper, the News switched to free distribution that year. In 1978, the Oldest College Daily Foundation was created following a campaign to prevent the university from buying the Briton Hadden Memorial Building. The News survived for a century solely on the income generated by subscription, in 1920, the News began to report on national news and viewpoints. In 1940 and 1955, when professional dailies were not operating due to unrest among its workers, the Nation and World sections publish stories and photos from the Associated Press.
On September 3,2008, the Oldest College Daily premiere a new designed by Mario Garcia of Garcia Media. In 2009, the Yale Daily News won the Associated Collegiate Press Newspaper Pacemaker Award, on September 10,2009, the News broke the news of the murder of Annie Le, a Yale graduate student reported missing and subsequently found murdered in the basement of her laboratory. In summer 2010, the 78-year-old Briton Hadden Memorial Building was renovated, increasing the amount of space in the basement. The Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University has a copy of every issue published between 1890 and 1959, the News, founded in 1878, calls itself the oldest college daily in the United States, a claim contested by other student newspapers. The Harvard Crimson calls itself the oldest continuously published college daily, the Daily Targum at Rutgers University was founded in 1869 but was published initially as a monthly newspaper and did not gain independence from the University until 1980
For other individuals with the same surname, see Hanfstaengl family. Ernst Franz Sedgwick Hanfstaengl was a German-American businessman and intimate friend of Adolf Hitler and he eventually fell out of favour with Hitler and defected from Nazi Germany to the United States. He worked for Franklin D. Roosevelt and was engaged to the author Djuna Barnes. Ernst Hanfstaengl, nicknamed Putzi, was born in Munich, Germany, the son of a German art publisher, Edgar Hanfstaengl, and he spent most of his early years in Germany and moved to the United States. His mother was Katharine Wilhelmina Heine, daughter of William Heine and his godfather was Duke Ernst II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He had a sister, two elder brothers Edgar and Egon, and a younger brother Erwine. He attended Harvard University and became acquainted with Walter Lippmann and John Reed, a gifted pianist, he composed several songs for Harvards football team. He moved to New York and took over the management of the American branch of his fathers business, on frequent mornings he would practice on the piano at the Harvard Club of New York, where he became acquainted with both Franklin and Theodore Roosevelt.
Among his circle of acquaintances were the newspaper baron William Randolph Hearst, author Djuna Barnes, upon the outbreak of war, he asked the German military attaché in New York Franz von Papen to smuggle him back to Germany. Slightly baffled by the proposal, the attaché refused and Hanfstaengl remained in the U. S. during the war, after 1917, the American branch of the family business was confiscated as enemy property. On 11 February 1920, Hanfstaengl married Helene Elise Adelheid Niemeyer of Long Island and their only son, Egon Ludwig, eventually enlisted in the US Army Air Corps. A daughter, died at the age of five, returning to Germany in 1922, he was living in his native Bavaria when he first heard Hitler speak in a Munich beer hall. A fellow member of the Harvard Hasty Pudding club who worked at the U. S. Embassy asked Hanfstaengl to assist a military attaché sent to observe the scene in Munich. Just before returning to Berlin the attaché, Captain Truman Smith, suggested that Hanfstaengl go to a Nazi rally as a favor and report his impressions of Hitler.
Hanfstaengl was so fascinated by Hitler that he became one of his most intimate followers. What Hitler was able to do to a crowd in 2½ hours will never be repeated in 10,000 years, because of his miraculous throat construction, he was able to create a rhapsody of hysteria. In time, he became the living unknown soldier of Germany, Hanfstaengl introduced himself to Hitler after the speech and began a close friendship and political association that would last through the 1920s and early 1930s. After participating in the failed Munich Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, Hanfstaengl briefly fled to Austria, while the injured Hitler sought refuge in Hanfstaengls home in Uffing, Hanfstaengls wife, allegedly dissuaded Hitler from committing suicide when the police came to arrest him