The Negroni cocktail is made of one part gin, one part vermouth rosso, and one part Campari, garnished with orange peel. Count Camillo Negroni concocted it by asking the bartender, Fosco Scarselli, to strengthen his favorite cocktail, the bartender added an orange garnish rather than the typical lemon garnish of the Americano to signify that it was a different drink. After the success of the cocktail, the Negroni Family founded Negroni Distillerie in Treviso, cocktail historian David Wondrich has researched Camillo Negroni, who was born on 25 May 1868 to Enrico Negroni and Ada Savage Landor, and died in Florence on 25 September 1934. While his status as a count is questionable, his grandfather, descendants of General Pascal Olivier de Negroni, Count de Negroni claim that he was the Count Negroni who invented the drink in 1857 in Senegal. A Corse Matin Sunday Edition article dated 2 February 1980 is translated on a descendants blog, an article in the New Hampshire Union Leader reported on the controversy.
The Negroni sbagliato is made in the way as the Negroni. Americano,1 oz Campari,1 oz Sweet Red Vermouth, the Dutch Negroni substitutes Jenever for the London dry style gin in the original recipe. Old Pal uses dry vermouth and Canadian rye whisky A Negroni which substitutes gin with tequila is known as an Agavoni or Tegroni, there is a non alcoholic version of Negroni in Morocco called The Moroccan Negroni. List of cocktails Origine e curiosità del cocktail IBA Negroni Negronis Across the World blog
A shot glass is a small glass designed to hold or measure spirits or liquor, which is either drunk straight from the glass or poured into a cocktail. A shot of liquor is not the same as a shooter, shot glasses decorated with a wide variety of toasts and humorous pictures are popular souvenirs and collectibles. Several examples exist from the 1930s, although it was used by some, the term apparently did not come into common usage until much later. Many references from the 1800s describe giving a jigger of whiskey or rum to workers who were digging canals, most shot glasses are found in the United States, but shot glasses from before the 1940s are very rare. Some of the earliest small whiskey glasses in America from the late 1700s to early 1800s were called whiskey tasters or whiskey tumblers and were hand blown. They are thick similar to todays shot glasses but will show a scar on the bottom or will show a cupped area on the bottom where the pontil scar was ground. Some of these glasses even have hand-applied handles and decorations hand cut by a grinding wheel, in the early to mid-1800s, glass blowers began to use molds and several different patterns of whiskey tasters in several different colors were being made in molds.
These glasses are thick like todays shot glass but they will have rough pontiled bottoms from being blown into the mold. By the 1870s to 1890s as glass making technology improved, the rough pontiled bottoms largely disappeared from glasses and bottles, just before Prohibition in the U. S. in the late 1800s to early 1900s, thin-sided mass-produced whiskey glasses were common. Many of these glasses feature etched advertising on them, after Prohibition, these were replaced by shot glasses with a thick base and thick sides. A jigger or measure is a tool used to measure liquor. A traditional style of jigger is made of steel with two unequal sized opposing cones in an hourglass shape on the end of a rod. Typically, one measures an regulation single shot, and the other some fraction or multiple—with the actual sizes depending on local laws. The jigger is named for the unit of liquid it typically measures, a jigger or shot, which is historically defined as 2 handfuls or 1⁄2 of a jack in the traditional binary submultiple system.
This means that its actual volume varies between the U. K. and the U. S. and varies over time, by manufacturer, and geographically, as this relationship has been forgotten. In the U. S. up until Prohibition, it was known to be 2.0 US fluid ounces. However, bar jiggers come in sizes and ratios. A small shot glass specifically marketed for use is graduated in units such as ounce and half ounce
Beer stein, or simply stein, is an English neologism for either traditional beer mugs made out of stoneware, or specifically ornamental beer mugs that are usually sold as souvenirs or collectibles. In German, the word stein means stone and is not used to refer to a beverage container. Such Steins may be out of stoneware, porcelain, or even silver, wood or crystal glass. Steins usually come in sizes of a half litre or a full litre, like decorative tankards, they are often decorated in a nostalgic manner, but with allusions to Germany or Bavaria. It is believed by some that the lid was implemented during the age of the Black Plague, stein is an abbreviation of German Steinzeug stoneware, the common material for beer mugs before the introduction of glass. The word alone is not used within Germany, rather Krug or Steinkrug are used, the word stein could have originated from the German word Steinzeugkrug, meaning stoneware jug or tankard. By common usage, stein refers to a container with a handle.
Bierstein in German means beerstone – i. e. beer scale – a hard residue of calcium oxalate, protein, in the latter half of the 19th century, stein makers found different advantages within the different materials. The advantage in using stoneware to make steins was that molds could be used to mass-produce elaborately carved steins. In using glass, not only could one produce multiple glass mugs, porcelains advantage was that a stein fabricator could use molds to make character steins, steins that had a particular shape modeled after an item or a person. Throughout the 1900s, collecting antique and replicated beer steins became very popular not only among individual people. Production of beer steins has become large in America. The most traditional area of beer production is the Kannenbäckerland in the Westerwald region in Germany. This unique German potters region has been creating beer steins for centuries and is famous among the collectors as the original German beer stein producer, on the 21st of September 2014, Oliver Strumpfel broke the record for most beer steins carried over 40 metres without spilling managing 25 steins.
Beer steins were made primarily with pewter in many areas across Europe, but many steins were known to be made of glass, Steins have been known to have been made out of wood and crystal. Ordinary German beer mugs have been out of glass for hygienic reasons since the introduction of glass mugs to the 1892 Oktoberfest. Modern beer mugs, except again decorative or luxury versions, do not have a lid, beer mugs are typical for beer gardens and especially the Oktoberfest, where they are popular for their robustness. In other settings,0.33 and 0.5 litre beer glasses are popular, the lids on beer mugs serve as a sanitary measure especially to keep insects out of the beer
Beer glassware comprises the drinking vessels made of glass designed or commonly used for drinking beer. Several kinds of beer glassware have a stem which serves to prevent the heat of the drinkers hand from warming the beer. Beer glasses are made from a variety of materials not limited to glass, including stoneware, pewter, a pilsner glass is used for many types of light beers, including pale lager or pilsner. Pilsner glasses are generally smaller than a pint glass, usually in 200 ml,250 ml,300 ml,330 ml or 400 ml sizes and they are tall and tapered. The slender glass reveals the colour, and carbonation of the beer, weizen glasses are sometimes mistakenly called Pilsner glasses because they are somewhat similar in appearance, but true Pilsner glasses have an even taper without any amount of curvature. The definition of a pint differs by country, thus a pint glass will reflect the regular measure of beer in that country, in the UK, law stipulates that a servings of beer be fixed at the imperial pint.
Half-pint glasses of 10 imp fl oz are generally smaller versions of pint glasses, quarter-pint glasses of 5 imp fl oz exist, and are popular in Australia, where they are known as a pony. These may simply be smaller pint glasses, or may be a pony glass. In the US, a pint is 16 US fl oz, glasses of 500ml are usually called pints in American parlance. Pony glasses, once popular, are found in older. The common shapes of pint glass are, Conical glasses are shaped, as the name suggests, as a truncated cone around 6 inches tall. The term nonic derives from no nick, jug glasses, or dimple mugs, are shaped more like a large mug with a handle. They are moulded with a pattern of thickened glass on the outside. The dimples prevent the glass slipping out of the fingers in a bowl. These design features became less important when manual washing was superseded by machine washing from the 1960s onwards, dimpled glasses are now rarer than the other types and are regarded as more traditional. This sort of glass is known as a Handle due to the handle on the glass.
They are popular with the generation and people with restricted movement in their hands which can make holding a usual pint glass difficult. They have recently started to make a renaissance, especially in northern Britain, Beer connoisseurs sometimes invest in special, non-traditional glassware to enhance their appreciation
The gimlet is a cocktail made of gin and lime juice. A1928 description of the drink was, gin, a spot of lime, the description in the 1953 Raymond Chandler novel The Long Goodbye stated that a real gimlet is half gin and half Roses lime juice and nothing else. This is in line with the proportions suggested by The Savoy Cocktail Book which specifies one half Plymouth Gin, modern tastes are less sweet, and generally provide for at least two parts gin to one part of the lime and other non alcoholic elements. The derivation of the name of cocktail is contested, a similar lime juice cocktail using rum instead of vodka or gin is the daiquiri. David A. Embury gave a recipe in The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks. The New New York Bartenders Guide by Sally Ann Berk lists the ratio of gin to Roses lime juice as 3,1, fill up with chilled plain water, add 1 ice cube and thin slice of big green lime. Throughout the whole swing of the Far East, starting with Bombay-down the Malabar Coast to Colombo, to Penang, Hong Kong and Shanghai, the Gimlet is just as well known as our Martini here.
And from Bombay-down the Malabar Coast to Colombo, to Penang, Hong Kong and Shanghai, limes healed scurvy creating the perfect medicinal cocktail. The main thing in its flavour is that, unlike most cocktails, it is not warming in hot weather and it is simple, without fancy fizzings, and is one to experiment with until the precise amount of lime cordial is found, to taste. This last is a British invention based on a similar essence to Roses Lime Juice-which comes in the slender decorative bottle we see back of most good soda fountains-but is not quite so pungent, soda fountain lime syrup would do in a pinch. We have approximated it with results by diluting it with equal amounts of water. Pour into a glass and serve straight up. The glass will immediately frost over, with this recipe, no cocktail shaker is required and the cocktail is not watered down by melting ice. You may use even the cheapest vodka, and no one will ever know, the Carnaby Gimlet, a variation with natural spring water, was created at the Carnaby Club, Italy.
Lime Cordial is called for as early as Because Ive not been there before, Being extracts from the. By Oswald Lewis in 1929 You take a glass, half fill it with gin and lime- juice in equal proportions, fill it up with crushed ice, stir. Gimlet himself appears in literature in First report of the Royal commission on opium, - Page 95 by Great Britain. Royal Commission on Opium, Lakshmiswar Singh, Thomas Brassey Brassey in 1894 Surgeon-Major Gimlette, MD, called in, Gimlette The word gimlet used in this sense is first attested in 1928
A Hurricane glass is a form of drinking glass which typically will contain 20 fluid ounces. It is used to serve mixed drinks, particularly the Hurricane from which it is named originating at Pat OBriens Bar in New Orleans, other drinks served in this glass include the Singapore Sling, June bug, Piña colada and Blue Hawaii. It is shaped similarly to a vase or a lamp and is typically taller and wider than a highball glass. The Poco Grande glass has a fluted bowl shape, but is shallower and has a longer stem
Ice is water frozen into a solid state. Depending on the presence of such as particles of soil or bubbles of air. In the Solar System, ice is abundant and occurs naturally from as close to the Sun as Mercury to as far as away the Oort cloud objects, beyond the Solar System, it occurs as interstellar ice. It falls as snowflakes and hail or occurs as frost, icicles or ice spikes, Ice molecules can exhibit up to sixteen different phases that depend on temperature and pressure. When water is cooled rapidly, up to three different types of ice can form depending on the history of its pressure and temperature. When cooled slowly correlated proton tunneling occurs below 20 K giving rise to macroscopic quantum phenomena, virtually all the ice on Earths surface and in its atmosphere is of a hexagonal crystalline structure denoted as ice Ih with minute traces of cubic ice denoted as ice Ic. The most common phase transition to ice Ih occurs when water is cooled below 0°C at standard atmospheric pressure.
It may be deposited directly by water vapor, as happens in the formation of frost, the transition from ice to water is melting and from ice directly to water vapor is sublimation. Ice is used in a variety of ways, including cooling, winter sports, as a naturally occurring crystalline inorganic solid with an ordered structure, ice is considered a mineral. It possesses a regular crystalline structure based on the molecule of water, an unusual property of ice frozen at atmospheric pressure is that the solid is approximately 8. 3% less dense than liquid water. The density of ice is 0.9167 g/cm3 at 0 °C, liquid water is densest, essentially 1.00 g/cm³, at 4 °C and becomes less dense as the water molecules begin to form the hexagonal crystals of ice as the freezing point is reached. This is due to hydrogen bonding dominating the intermolecular forces, which results in a packing of molecules less compact in the solid, density of ice increases slightly with decreasing temperature and has a value of 0.9340 g/cm³ at −180 °C.
When water freezes, it increases in volume and it is a common cause of the flooding of houses when water pipes burst due to the pressure of expanding water when it freezes. The result of this process is that ice floats on liquid water, sufficiently thin ice sheets allow light to pass through while protecting the underside from short-term weather extremes such as wind chill. This creates an environment for bacterial and algal colonies. When ice melts, it absorbs as much energy as it would take to heat an equivalent mass of water by 80 °C, during the melting process, the temperature remains constant at 0 °C. While melting, any energy added breaks the bonds between ice molecules. Energy becomes available to increase the thermal energy only after enough hydrogen bonds are broken that the ice can be considered liquid water, the amount of energy consumed in breaking hydrogen bonds in the transition from ice to water is known as the heat of fusion
Old Fashioned glass
The Old Fashioned glass or rocks glass is a short tumbler used for serving tan spirits, such as whisky, with ice cubes. It is used to serve certain cocktails, such as the Old Fashioned. Old Fashioned glasses typically have a brim and a thick base. Old Fashioned glasses usually contain 180–300 ml, a double Old Fashioned glass contains 350–470 ml. The dictionary definition of tumbler at Wiktionary
Prohibition in the United States
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation and sale of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933. One result was that many communities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries introduced alcohol prohibition, Prohibition supporters, called drys, presented it as a victory for public morals and health. Promoted by the dry crusaders, a movement was led by rural Protestants and social Progressives in the Prohibition, Democratic and it gained a national grass roots base through the Womans Christian Temperance Union. After 1900 it was coordinated by the Anti-Saloon League, Prohibition was mandated in state after state, finally nationwide under the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920. Enabling legislation, known as the Volstead Act, set down the rules for enforcing the ban, for example, religious uses of wine were allowed. Private ownership and consumption of alcohol were not made illegal under federal law, in the 1920s the laws were widely disregarded, and tax revenues were lost.
Opposition mobilized nationwide, and Prohibition ended with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, some states continued statewide prohibition, marking one of the last stages of the Progressive Era. Anti-prohibitionists, known as wets, criticized the ban as an intrusion of mainly rural Protestant ideals on a central aspect of urban, immigrant. Some researchers contend that its failure is attributable more to a changing historical context than to characteristics of the law itself. Criticism remains that Prohibition led to unintended consequences such as the growth of urban crime organizations, as an experiment it lost supporters every year, and lost tax revenue that governments needed when the Great Depression began in 1929. The U. S. Senate proposed the Eighteenth Amendment on December 18,1917, upon being approved by a 36th state on January 16,1919, the amendment was ratified as a part of the Constitution. The Wartime Prohibition Act took effect June 30,1919, with July 1,1919, on October 28,1919, Congress passed the Volstead Act, the popular name for the National Prohibition Act, over President Woodrow Wilsons veto.
The act established the definition of intoxicating liquors as well as penalties for producing them. Although the Volstead Act prohibited the sale of alcohol, the government lacked resources to enforce it. By the terms of the amendment, the country went dry one year later, by 1925, in New York City alone, there were anywhere from 30,000 to 100,000 speakeasy clubs. While Prohibition was successful in reducing the amount of liquor consumed, it stimulated the proliferation of rampant underground, many were astonished and disenchanted with the rise of spectacular gangland crimes, when prohibition was supposed to reduce crime. Prohibition lost its advocates one by one, while the wet opposition talked of personal liberty, new tax revenues from legal beer and liquor, and the scourge of organized crime. On March 22,1933, President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Cullen–Harrison Act, legalizing beer with a content of 3. 2%
A cosmopolitan, or informally a cosmo, is a cocktail made with vodka, triple sec, cranberry juice, and freshly squeezed or sweetened lime juice. The International Bartenders Association recipe is based on vodka citron, lemon-flavored vodka, the cosmopolitan is a relative of cranberry coolers like the Cape Codder. Though often presented far differently, the cosmopolitan bears a likeness in composition to the kamikaze cocktail, the origin of the cosmopolitan is disputed. It is widely believed that the drink was created independently by different bartenders since the 1970s, people have recognized that John Caine brought the drink to San Francisco around 1987 from Ohio. The same year in Manhattan, the internationally recognized version of the cocktail was created by Toby Cecchini, according to Sally Ann Berk and Bob Sennett, the cosmopolitan appears in literature as early as 1993 and derives from New York City. Made with ingredients that would have readily available during the period. If this drink is in fact the source of the modern cosmopolitan it would be an adaption of a Daisy rather than a Kamikaze, one version of the creation of this popular drink credits the accomplishment to the gay community in Provincetown, Massachusetts.
Neal Murray claims to have created the cosmopolitan in 1975 at the Cork & Cleaver steak house in Minneapolis, according to Murray, he added a splash of cranberry juice to a Kamikaze and the first taster declared, How cosmopolitan. This event supposedly led to the naming of the new beverage, John Caine is the owner of several popular bars in San Francisco and a cosmopolitan expert. He partially credits the upsurge in cocktails during the 1970s to the Cosmo being served at fern bars, Caine is credited with bringing the Cosmo west from Cleveland. There are a number of claims made as to the origin of the cosmopolitan. Cocktail historian Gary Regan credits bartender Cheryl Cook of the Strand Restaurant in South Beach and it was on this realization that gave me the idea to create a drink that everyone could palate and was visually stunning in that classic glass. This is what the Cosmo was based on, Cooks original recipes called for Absolut Citron, a splash of Triple sec, a drop of Roses lime and just enough cranberry to make it oh so pretty in pink.
Although Absolut Citron was not introduced anywhere officially until 1988, it was test marketed in Miami, another important person involved in the creation of the cosmopolitan was Melissa Huffsmith of Manhattan. Huffsmith stated that the color should be. just barely pink—the color of pink lemonade, huffsmiths version has become an internationally standardized method for preparing the drink. The cosmopolitan gained popularity in the 1990s, the film adaptation made a reference to its popularity when Miranda asks why they stopped drinking them, Carrie replies because everyone else started. It is not only in television that the Cosmo has influenced popular culture, demeter Fragrance Library has created a cologne intended to smell like the cosmopolitan cocktail. The cosmopolitan is usually served in a cocktail glass, called a martini glass
A chalice is a goblet or footed cup intended to hold a drink. In general religious terms, it is intended for drinking during a ceremony, chalices are often made of precious metal, and they are sometimes richly enamelled and jewelled. The gold goblet was symbolic for family and tradition, the ancient Roman calix was a drinking vessel consisting of a bowl fixed atop a stand, and was in common use at banquets. Chalices have been used since the early church, because of Jesus command to his disciples to Do this in remembrance of me. And Pauls account of the Eucharistic rite in 1 Corinthians 11, 24-25, the vessels used in this important act of worship were highly decorated and treated with great respect. A number of examples of chalices have a large bowl. Over time, the size of the bowl diminished and the base became larger for better stability, over time, official church regulations dictated the construction and treatment of chalices. Some religious traditions still require that the chalice, at least on the inside of the cup, in Western Christianity, chalices will often have a pommel or node where the stem meets the cup to make the elevation easier.
In Roman Catholicism, chalices tend to be tulip-shaped, and the cups are quite narrow, Roman Catholic priests will often receive chalices from members of their families when first ordained. In Eastern Christianity, chalices will often have icons enameled or engraved on them, in Orthodoxy and Eastern Catholicism, all communicants receive both the Body of Christ and the Blood of Christ. To accomplish this, a portion of the Lamb is placed in the chalice, for this reason, eastern chalices tend to have larger, rounded cups. In the Russian Orthodox Church, the faithful will kiss the foot of the chalice after receiving Holy Communion. In other traditions, they kiss the cup. Although Orthodox monks are not permitted to hold personal possessions, the permit a hieromonk to keep a chalice. In the early and medieval church, when a deacon was ordained, early written accounts of the ordination of deaconesses reflect this practice. In the West the deacon carries the chalice to the altar at the offertory, in the East, the priest carries the chalice and the deacon carries the paten.
Only wine, water and a portion of the Host are permitted to be placed in the chalice, the chalice is considered to be one of the most sacred vessels in Christian liturgical worship, and it is often blessed before use. Among the Eastern Churches there are varying practices regarding blessing, in some traditions the very act of celebrating the Sacred Mysteries is the only blessing necessary, in others, there is a special rite of blessing
Stemware is drinkware that stands on stems above a base. It is usually made from glass, but may be made from ceramics or metals, the stem allows the drinker to hold the glass without affecting the temperature of the drink. Stemware includes, Champagne flutes Chalices and goblets Cocktail glasses Liqueur glasses Rummers Snifters Wine glasses Rinker, Harry L. Stemware of the 20th Century, the Wine Lovers Dessert Cookbook and Pairings for the Perfect Glass of Wine