Thomas Johnson Westropp
Thomas Johnson Westropp was an Irish antiquarian and archaeologist. Westropp was born on 16 August 1860 at Attyflin Park and his relatives were landowners of English origin and had lived there since the mid 16th century. He displayed an early interest in antiquities, making notes on topography, ancient buildings and he attended Trinity College at the University of Dublin and graduated in 1882 with an MA. A degree in civil engineering followed in 1885, at time he was apprenticed to Bindon Blood Stoney. After he finished his training, Westropp became the assistant surveyor for County Meath and he spent the remainder of his life researching antiquities along the western seaboard. He drew many detailed sketches of buildings, grave slabs and other archaeological remains throughout Ireland, many of these sketches are held by the Royal Irish Academy. His publications are available in libraries throughout the west of Ireland. While surveying the monuments of County Clare, he became fascinated by the variety.
In 2006 these folk-tales were published on the internet by the County Clare Library, many of these tales have since been lost to living memory. His writings provided the foundation for the work of the Irish Folklore Commission, Westropp undertook research into the early history of Clare and Limerick and published his finding in three historical essays covering the years 1275-1287, 1287-1313 and 1313-1318, respectively. ISBN 1-90054-510-1 Folklore of Clare, a Folklore Survey of County Clare & County Clare Folk-tales and Myths, with an introduction by Gearóid Ó Crualaoich, Clare, Clasp Press ISBN 1-90054-512-8 Antiquities Near Miltown Malbay, Journal of the Limerick Field Club vol. 3, pp 1-15 on the Clare County Library website, the Augustinian Houses of the County Clare, Clare and Inchicronan, Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland vol. 30, pp. 118-135 on the Clare County Library website, ring-Forts in the Barony of Moyarta, Co. Clare, and their Legends on the Clare County Library website, prehistoric Stone Forts of Central Clare and Langough, near Dromoland on the Clare County Library website.
Types of the Ring-forts and similar structures remaining in Eastern Clareon the Clare County Library website, the Churches of County Clare, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Third Series, Vol. VI, No.1. October 1900, pp. 100-176 on the Clare County Library website, the Earthworks and Castle of Bunratty, Co. Clare, Journal of the North Munster Archaeological Society, Vol. III,4, pp. 314-327 on the Clare County Library website. Killaloe, Its Ancient Palaces and Cathedral, Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Vol. XXII, Series V, Vol. II, Part IV, works by or about Thomas Johnson Westropp at Internet Archive
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is a 2009 British-American fantasy film directed by David Yates and distributed by Warner Bros. It is based on the novel of the name by J. K. Rowling. The film, which is the sixth instalment in the Harry Potter film series, was written by Steve Kloves and produced by David Heyman, the film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, alongside Rupert Grint and Emma Watson as Harrys best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. It is the sequel to Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and is followed by Harry Potter, filming began on 24 September 2007, leading to the films worldwide cinematic release on 15 July 2009, one day short of the fourth anniversary of the corresponding novels release. The film was released in regular cinemas and IMAX 3D everywhere except North America. Half-Blood Prince opened to positive reviews along with commercial success. In five days the film made $394 million, breaking the record for highest five-day worldwide gross, with a total gross of $934 million, it became the 8th-highest-grossing film of all time and the second-highest-grossing film of 2009.
It is currently the 39th-highest-grossing film of all time worldwide unadjusted for inflation and it is the fifth-highest-grossing film in the franchise. The film was nominated at the 82nd Academy Awards for Best Cinematography, Critics praised the films emotionally satisfying story, Yates direction, performances and Nicholas Hoopers musical score. After his exposure to the world, Lord Voldemort is tightening his grip on both the wizarding and Muggle worlds, kidnapping Ollivander from Diagon Alley and destroying the Millennium Bridge. After the Malfoy family is disgraced when Lucius is apprehended and sent to Azkaban for his involvement with the Death Eaters, Voldemort chooses Draco to carry out a secret mission at Hogwarts. Harry accompanies Albus Dumbledore at a Tube station to visit former Potions professor Horace Slughorn, who has gone into hiding, Dumbledore takes Harry to The Burrow, where Harry reunites with his best friends, Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. When the three go visit the Weasley brothers new joke shop at Diagon Alley, they see Draco entering Knockturn Alley with a group of Death Eaters, Harry believes Voldemort has made Draco a Death Eater, but Ron and Hermione are skeptical.
On the Hogwarts Express, Harry hides in the Slytherin carriage using his Invisibility Cloak, using the book, Harry excels in the class and impresses Slughorn, winning a vial of Felix Felicis potion, a brew that allows the consumer perfect luck. Ron becomes Keeper of the Gryffindor Quidditch team and forms a relationship with Lavender Brown. Harry consoles Hermione, revealing that he now has feelings for Rons younger sister, Harry spends the Christmas holidays with the Weasleys. On Christmas Eve, Harry discusses his suspicions about Draco to the Order of the Phoenix, although he is immediately dismissed by Remus Lupin, Arthur Weasley claims that the Malfoys may have been interested in a Vanishing Cabinet. Later and Greyback raid and set fire to the Burrow, back at Hogwarts, Ron is accidentally given a love potion intended for Harry
Porpoises are a group of fully aquatic marine mammals that are sometimes referred to as mereswine, all of which are classified under the family Phocoenidae, parvorder Odontoceti. There are six extant species of porpoise and they are small toothed whales that are very closely related to oceanic dolphins. The most obvious difference between the two groups is that porpoises have shorter beaks and flattened, spade-shaped teeth distinct from the conical teeth of dolphins. Porpoises range in size from the 1.4 metres and 54 kilograms vaquita, several species exhibit sexual dimorphism in that the females are larger than males. They have streamlined bodies and two limbs that are modified into flippers, Dalls porpoise is one of the fastest cetaceans discovered, with the ability to travel at 41 knots. Porpoises have the ability to produce biosonar and it is their primary sensory system, some species are well adapted for diving to great depths. They have a layer of fat, or blubber, under the skin to keep warm in cold water.
Porpoises are not very widespread, with many specialising near the polar regions, porpoises feed largely on fish and squid, much like the rest of the odontocetes. Males typically mate with multiple females every year, but females only mate every two to three years, calves are typically born in the spring and summer months and females bear all the responsibility for raising them. Some porpoises produce a variety of clicks and whistles, which are thought to be primarily for social purposes, a few species, like the harbour porpoise, are highly sociable, but pods generally do not exceed ten individuals for most species. Porpoises were, and still are, hunted by some countries by means of drive hunting, some species are attributed with high levels of intelligence. At the 2012 meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, support was reiterated for a bill of rights. Besides drive hunting, they face threats from bycatch, competition. Porpoises are sometimes kept in captivity and trained to perform tricks, along with whales and dolphins, are descendants of land-living ungulates that first entered the oceans around 50 million years ago.
During the Miocene, mammals were fairly modern, meaning they seldom changed physiologically from the time, the cetaceans diversified, and fossil evidence suggests porpoises and dolphins diverged from their last common ancestor around 15 Mya. The oldest fossils are known from the seas around the North Pacific, with animals spreading to the European coasts and Southern Hemisphere only much later. ORDER ARTIODACTYLA Infraorder Cetacea Parvorder Odontoceti toothed whales Superfamily Delphinoidea Family Phocoenidae – porpoises Genus †HaborophocoenaH, toyoshimai Genus Neophocaena N. phocaeniodes – finless porpoise Genus †NumataphocoenaN. Porpoises have a head, no external ear flaps, a non-flexible neck, a torpedo shaped body, limbs modified into flippers
The Burren is a region in County Clare, Ireland. It is dominated by karst landscape and measures, depending on the definition, the name The Burren is most often applied to the area within the circle made by the villages of Ballyvaughan, Tubber, Corofin and Lisdoonvarna. The Burren National Park is one of six National Parks in Ireland, the exact extent of the area referred to as The Burren is not clearly defined. The name is applied to the limestone uplands of north western Clare. In the north and northwest it is bounded by Galway Bay, although mostly considered to lie in County Clare, geologically the area does extend into County Galway. The Aran Islands are an extension of the limestone hills that make up most of The Burren. Note that this includes places like the town of Ennistymon and the Cliffs of Moher, the Burren Programme for example defines The Burren region as extending well into the Gort plain, encompassing inter alia Coole Park and the turloughs around it. To the south it extends to Ruan and Crusheen, in the southwest it is bordered by Doolin, Lisdoonvarna and Corofin.
Thus the size of The Burren varies between around 250 square kilometers and 560 square kilometers, depending on the approach taken, roughly 60% of the uplands show exposed limestone. The rolling hills of The Burren are composed of limestone pavements with criss-crossing cracks known as grikes, the limestones, which date from the Visean stage of the Lower Carboniferous, formed as sediments in a tropical sea approximately 325 million years ago. The strata contain fossil corals, sea urchins and ammonites and this bed of limestone is up to 800 meters thick. In the north and west it lies on a shelf of Galway granite which supported the upper layers, preventing shifts like those that created the twisted hills Knockanes, the limestone extends below Galway Bay out to the Aran Islands and to the east into the Gort plain. Later in the Upper Carboniferous, the limestone was covered by sand and mud that turned into shale. These layers reached a thickness of up to 330 meters in north Clare, one island of shale is the hill Poulacapple, southwest of Ballyvaughan, where an upland moor has formed on top of the impermeable shale layers.
Glaciation during the late Quaternary facilitated greater denudation, glaciers expanded and retreated over the region several times. Of the last two periods the first was the pronounced, covering the whole of the Burren. The last advance of the ice cover was more limited, affecting only the eastern Burren, the result is that The Burren is one of the finest examples of a glacio-karst landscape in the world. The effects of the last glacial period are most in evidence, the impact of earlier karstification has been eliminated by the last glacial period
Minke whale /ˈmɪnki/, or lesser rorqual, is a name given to two species of marine mammal belonging to a clade within the suborder of baleen whales. The minke whale was given its designation by Lacepède in 1804. The name is a translation of Norwegian minkehval, possibly after a Norwegian whaler named Meincke. Most modern classifications split the minke whale into two species, Common minke whale or northern minke whale and Antarctic minke whale or southern minke whale. Taxonomists further categorize the common minke whale into two or three subspecies, the North Atlantic minke whale, the North Pacific minke whale and dwarf minke whale. All minke whales are part of the rorquals, a family that includes the whale, the fin whale, the Brydes whale, the sei whale. The junior synonyms for B. acutorostrata are B. davidsoni, B. minimia, there is one synonym for B. bonaerensis - B. huttoni. On at least one occasion, an Antarctic minke whale has been confirmed migrating to the Arctic, in addition, at least two wild hybrids between a common minke whale and an Antarctic minke whale have been confirmed.
The minke whales are the second smallest baleen whale, only the right whale is smaller. Upon reaching sexual maturity, males measure an average of 6.9 m and females 8 m in length, reported maximum lengths vary from 9.1 to 10.7 m for females and 8.8 to 9.8 m for males. Both sexes typically weigh 4–5 t at sexual maturity, and the weight may be as much as 10 t. The minke whale is a black/gray/purple color, Common minke whales are distinguished from other whales by a white band on each flipper. The body is black or dark-gray above and white underneath. Minke whales have between 240 and 360 baleen plates on each side of their mouths, most of the length of the back, including dorsal fin and blowholes, appears at once when the whale surfaces to breathe. Minke whales typically live for 30–50 years, in some cases they may live for up to 60 years, the brains of minke whales have around 12.8 billion neocortical neurons and 98.2 billion neocortical glia. The whale breathes three to five times at intervals before deep-diving for two to 20 minutes.
Deep dives are preceded by a pronounced arching of the back, the maximum swimming speed of minkes has been estimated at 38 km/h. The gestation period for minke whales is 10 months, and calves measure 2.4 to 2.8 m at birth, the newborns nurse for five to 10 months
The process is a photographic variant of chromolithography, a broader term that refers to color lithography in general. The process was invented in the 1880s by Hans Jakob Schmid, Füssli founded the stock company Photochrom Zürich as the business vehicle for the commercial exploitation of the process and both Füssli and Photoglob continue to exist today. From the mid-1890s the process was licensed by companies, including the Detroit Photographic Company in the US. The photochrom process was most popular in the 1890s, when color photography was first developed but was still commercially impractical. In 1898 the US Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act which let private publishers produce postcards and these could be mailed for one cent each, while the letter rate was two cents. Publishers created thousands of prints, usually of cities or landscapes. In this format, photochrom reproductions became popular, the Detroit Photographic Company reportedly produced as many as seven million photochrom prints in some years, and ten to thirty thousand different views were offered.
After World War One, which ended the craze for collecting Photochrom postcards, the last Photochrom printer operated up to 1970. A tablet of lithographic limestone called a stone was coated with a light-sensitive surface composed of a thin layer of purified bitumen dissolved in benzene. A worker pressed a reversed half-tone negative against the coating and exposed it to daylight for 10 to 30 minutes in summer, or up to several hours in winter. The image on the negative caused varying amounts of light to fall on different areas of the coating, causing the bitumen to harden in proportion to the amount of light. The worker used a solvent such as turpentine to remove the unhardened bitumen and this resulted in an image being imprinted on the stone in bitumen. Each tint was applied using a stone that bore the appropriate retouched image. The finished print was produced using at least six, but more commonly 10 to 15, description of the Photochrom process The Library of Congress Public Domain Photochrom Prints Search Search at the Zurich Central Library Detroit Photographic Company’s Views of North America, ca.
1897-1924 from the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Maroon 5 is an American pop rock band that originated in Los Angeles, California. The band, which self-released an album called We Like Digging, signed to Reprise Records and released the album The Fourth World in 1997. After the album garnered a tepid response, the band parted ways with the record label, in 2001, the band changed its image by adding guitarist James Valentine and pursuing a different direction under the name Maroon 5. At this point, Carmichael switched to playing keyboards, which has become his main instrument in the band. After these changes, Maroon 5 signed with a subsidiary of J Records, Octone Records, the albums lead single, Harder to Breathe, received heavy airplay, which helped the album to debut at number six on the Billboard 200 chart. In 2004, the album went platinum and has dubbed the sleeper hit of the millennium. The band won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 2005, for the next few years, Maroon 5 toured extensively worldwide in support of Songs About Jane and produced two live recordings, 2004s 1.22.03.
Acoustic and 2005s Live – Friday the 13th. In 2006, Dusick officially left Maroon 5 after suffering from serious wrist, the band recorded their second album, It Wont Be Soon Before Long and released it in May 2007. The album reached number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, in September 2010, Maroon 5 released their third studio album Hands All Over, which was re-released in 2011 to include the single Moves like Jagger featuring Christina Aguilera. While the original version of the album received mixed reviews, Moves like Jagger reached the one position on the Billboard Hot 100. The band released their album, Overexposed, on June 26,2012. All four singles of the album were successful on the Billboard Hot 100, including second single One More Night. Keyboardist PJ Morton became a member of the band in 2012. The addition of PJ Morton meant that for the first time, in 2014, the band signed with Interscope Records and released their fifth studio album, V. Maroon 5 has sold more than 20 million albums and 70 million singles worldwide, Adam Levine was introduced to Ryan Dusick by a mutual friend and guitarist, Adam Salzman.
Levine was 15 years old and Dusick was 16, three of the five members of the band started playing together at age 12. The four original members of the band met while attending Brentwood EMH School in Los Angeles, while attending Brentwood EMH School, Adam Levine and Jesse Carmichael joined up with Mickey Madden and Ryan Dusick to form Karas Flowers, a rock band. The name was taken from a girl went to their high school that the band had a collective crush on
The basking shark is the second largest living fish, after the whale shark, and one of three plankton-eating sharks along with the whale shark and megamouth shark. Adults typically reach 6–8 m in length and they are usually greyish-brown, with mottled skin. The caudal fin has a lateral keel and a crescent shape. The basking shark is a migratory species, found in all the worlds temperate oceans. A slow-moving filter feeder, its name derives from its habit of feeding at the surface. It has anatomical adaptations for feeding, such as a greatly enlarged mouth. Its snout is conical and the gill slits extend around the top, the gill rakers and bristle-like, are used to catch plankton as water filters through the mouth and over the gills. The teeth are small and numerous, and often number one hundred per row. The teeth have a single cusp, are curved backwards. This species has the smallest weight-for-weight brain size of any shark, Basking sharks are believed to overwinter in deep waters. They may be found in small schools or alone.
Small schools in the Bay of Fundy and the Hebrides have been seen swimming nose to tail in circles in what may be a form of mating behaviour, despite their large size and threatening appearance, basking sharks are not aggressive and are harmless to humans. It has long been an important fish, as a source of food, shark fin, animal feed. Overexploitation has reduced its populations to the point where some have disappeared, the basking shark is the only member of the family Cetorhinidae, part of the mackerel shark order Lamniformes. Gunnerus was the first to describe and name the species Cetorhinus maximus from a specimen found in Norway, the genus name Cetorhinus comes from the Greek ketos which means marine monster or whale and rhinos meaning nose, the species name maximus is from Latin and means greatest. Other names include bone shark, elephant shark, hoe-mother, sail-fish, the basking shark is a coastal-pelagic shark found worldwide in boreal to warm-temperate waters around the continental shelves, and entering into brackish waters on occasions.
It prefers 8 to 14.5 °C temperatures, but has confirmed to cross the much-warmer waters at the equator. It is often close to land, including bays with narrow openings
Liscannor is a coastal village in County Clare, Ireland. Lying on the west coast of Ireland, on Liscannor Bay, the Cliffs of Moher are about 5 km north west of the village. Between Lahinch and Liscannor lies the village of Moymore. Liscannor is located in the parish of Kilmacrehy, Liscannor probably takes its name from an old fort that was located here. Lis meaning a fort and Cannor a corruption of the name Connor, others say that it is derived from Lis, a fort, cean a head or headland and or meaning slaughter. The area around Liscannor was part of the Barony of Corcomroe, at least 30 ships of the Spanish Armada, sent to invade England in the summer of 1588, were lost along the coast of Ireland, mainly along the western seaboard. The oar-powered galleass Zuñiga anchored off-shore at Liscannor with a broken rudder, the ship came under surveillance by the High Sheriff of Clare and by crown forces and had to withdraw to their ship. One captive was taken and sent for interrogation, the Zuñiga escaped the coast with favorable winds, moored at Le Havre, and finally made it home to Naples in the following year.
The village of Liscannor is of late 18th century origin, according to an 1814 survey there were nearly 200 houses in it at the time, and about ten of them had flag roofs. 40 houses were used by fishermen, the Cliffs are one of Irelands top visitor attractions and are one of the best examples of cliff-nesting seabird colonies in Ireland. The area was designated as a Refuge for Fauna in 1988, the designation covers 200 hectares and highlights the areas importance for wildlife. Cill MacCreiche is first documented in the 14th century, but most of the current Gothic ornamentation is and this was an OConnor stronghold, which like Dough Castle passed to the OBriens. In 1712, the Earl of Thomond let the estate to William Fitzgerald, under the Fitzgerald family, the town began to grow in the 18th century. The ruined remains include a tower with a spiral stairway to the east. This latter was described in detail by Thomas Johnson Westropp in the late 19th century. Located at a site of pre-Christian Lughnasadh celebrations, Dabhach Bhríde is found near the Cliffs of Moher, and behind the well on a higher level, to which steps lead, is an ancient cemetery.
There is a cross here and a circular path around it. Small items which carry around with them, such as pens, biros
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the worlds oceans with a total area of about 106,460,000 square kilometres. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earths surface and about 29 percent of its surface area. It separates the Old World from the New World, the Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Eurasia and Africa to the east, and the Americas to the west. The Equatorial Counter Current subdivides it into the North Atlantic Ocean, in contrast, the term Atlantic originally referred specifically to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and the sea off the Strait of Gibraltar and the North African coast. The Greek word thalassa has been reused by scientists for the huge Panthalassa ocean that surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea hundreds of years ago. The term Aethiopian Ocean, derived from Ancient Ethiopia, was applied to the Southern Atlantic as late as the mid-19th century, many Irish or British people refer to the United States and Canada as across the pond, and vice versa.
The Black Atlantic refers to the role of ocean in shaping black peoples history. Irish migration to the US is meant when the term The Green Atlantic is used, the term Red Atlantic has been used in reference to the Marxian concept of an Atlantic working class, as well as to the Atlantic experience of indigenous Americans. Correspondingly, the extent and number of oceans and seas varies, the Atlantic Ocean is bounded on the west by North and South America. It connects to the Arctic Ocean through the Denmark Strait, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea, to the east, the boundaries of the ocean proper are Europe, the Strait of Gibraltar and Africa. In the southeast, the Atlantic merges into the Indian Ocean, the 20° East meridian, running south from Cape Agulhas to Antarctica defines its border. In the 1953 definition it extends south to Antarctica, while in maps it is bounded at the 60° parallel by the Southern Ocean, the Atlantic has irregular coasts indented by numerous bays and seas. Including these marginal seas the coast line of the Atlantic measures 111,866 km compared to 135,663 km for the Pacific.
Including its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers an area of 106,460,000 km2 or 23. 5% of the ocean and has a volume of 310,410,900 km3 or 23. 3%. Excluding its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers 81,760,000 km2 and has a volume of 305,811,900 km3, the North Atlantic covers 41,490,000 km2 and the South Atlantic 40,270,000 km2. The average depth is 3,646 m and the maximum depth, the bathymetry of the Atlantic is dominated by a submarine mountain range called the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It runs from 87°N or 300 km south of the North Pole to the subantarctic Bouvet Island at 42°S, the MAR divides the Atlantic longitudinally into two halves, in each of which a series of basins are delimited by secondary, transverse ridges. The MAR reaches above 2000 m along most of its length, the MAR is a barrier for bottom water, but at these two transform faults deep water currents can pass from one side to the other