Aino Maria Marsio-Aalto was a Finnish architect and designer. Aino Mandelin was born in Helsinki, and completed her education in 1913 at the Helsingin Suomalainen Tyttökoulu. She began studies in architecture that same year at the Institute of Technology and that same year she went to work for architect Oiva Kallio in Helsinki. In 1923 she moved to the city of Jyväskylä to work in the office of architect Gunnar Achilles Wahlroos, Mandelin married Alvar Aalto in 1925. The Aaltos spent their honeymoon in northern Italy, the Aaltos moved their office to Turku in 1927, and started collaborating with architect Erik Bryggman. The office moved again in 1933 to Helsinki, the Aaltos designed and built a joint house-office for themselves in Munkkiniemi, a suburb of Helsinki, but had a purpose-built office built in the same neighbourhood. Aino Aaltos role in the design of the attributed to Alvar Aalto has never been specifically verified. Their early built works were mostly small-scale buildings, especially summer villas, chief among these was the Aaltos own summer villa, Villa Flora in Alajärvi from 1926.
It is known that in the work she concentrated more on the design of interiors. In 1935 the Aaltos, together with Maire Gullichsen and Nils-Gustav Hahlin, founded Artek, in the early years of their marriage and design partnership Aino Aalto and her husband would enter architectural competitions with their own separate entries. In the mid 1920s the Aaltos became the first architects in Finland to adopt the purified Functionalist style of coming from central Europe. In Aino Aaltos own individual work this out in her entry for the Finnish pavilion for the 1939 New York Worlds Fair. Aino Aalto designed several glassware objects for the Finnish company Iittala and her most famous glass design is still on sale, and slightly different copies made by companies such as IKEA are widespread. She collaborated with her husband on the design of the celebrated Savoy Vase in 1936, in 2004 an exhibition and book was arranged at the Alvar Aalto Museum, Jyväskylä, featuring the lifes work of Aino Aalto. Erkki Helamaa and Jari Jetsonen, Alvar Aalto Summer Houses, renja Suominen-Kokkonen and Alvar Aalto.
A shared journey, Interpretations of an everyday modernism, Aino Aalto collection at the Israel Museum
Paul Abadie was a French architect and building restorer. He is considered a representative of French historicism. He was the son of architect Paul Abadie Sr. Abadie worked on the restoration of Notre-Dame de Paris, Église Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux, Saint-Pierre of Angoulême and Saint-Front of Périgueux. He won the competition to design the Basilica of the Sacré Cœur on Montmartre in Paris, Paul Abadie was born on 9 November 1812 in Paris, France. He was the son of Paul Abadie, who was an architect in France and he entered the School of Fine Arts in 1835, under the direction of the Monsieur Achille Leclère. As attaché to the commission for historical monuments, he participated in the rediscovery of the Middle Ages. Abadie was known to be interested in the restoration of monuments and buildings, namely the Church of S. Front. He designed the Hotel de Ville at Angoulême, in 1845 he became second inspector for the restoration of Notre Dame de Paris, under the directorship of architects Violet le Duc and Lassus.
In 1862 he was appointed as the architect for the Saint André Cathedral of Bordeaux. In 1871 he became a member of the commission for historical monuments, in 1872 he became the general inspector of diocesan buildings, in 1874 the diocesan architect for Paris, replacing Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, who had resigned from that post. In 1873 his entry in the competition for the construction of a basilica on Montmartre, in 1874 he replaced Viollet-le-Duc as architect of Notre Dame of Paris. In 1875 he was elected to membership of the Académie des Beaux Arts, Abadie began the Basilica of Sacré Cœur, but died during its construction, on 3 August 1884, in Chatou. An example of his willful implantations of false Romanesque sculpture is to be found in the church of St Michel dEntraygues near Angoulême. Here, he has introduced a capital featuring a triple-headed Green Man with horns, despite its intriguing shape, this small church has no connection with the Templars, but was built to receive pilgrims on the way to Compostela.
He inspired a number of churches, most notably in Paris
Christopher Chris Abani is a Nigerian and American author. He says he is part of a new generation of Nigerian writers working to convey to an English-speaking audience the experience of those born, Abani was born in Afikpo, Nigeria. His father was Igbo, while his mother was of English descent and he published his first novel, Masters of the Board, in 1985 at the age of 16. It was a thriller, the plot of which was an allegory based on a coup that was carried out in Nigeria just before it was written. He was imprisoned for six months on suspicion of an attempt to overthrow the government and he continued to write after his release from jail, but was imprisoned for one year after the publication of his 1987 novel Sirocco. After he was released from jail time, he composed several anti-government plays that were performed on the street near government offices for two years. He was imprisoned a third time and was placed on death row, his friends had bribed government officials for his release in 1991, and immediately Abani moved to the United Kingdom, living there until 1999.
He moved to the United States, where he now lives, selections of his poetry appear in the online journal Blackbird. From 2007–2012, he was Professor of Creative Writing at the University of California and he is currently a Board of Trustees Professor of English at Northwestern University. Abanis foray into publishing has led to the formation of the Black Goat poetry series, poets Kwame Dawes, Christina Garcia, Kate Durbin, Karen Harryman, Uche Nduka, Percival Everett, Khadijah Queen and Gabriela Jauregui have all been published by Black Goat. The collection received great reviews and offered Hebrew readers a first encounter with the poetry of Abani, novels Masters of the Board GraceLand The Virgin of Flames The Secret History of Las Vegas Novellas Becoming Abigail Song For Night Poetry Kalakuta Republic. Daphnes Lot Dog Woman Hands Washing Water There are no names for red Feed me the sun Sanctificum Essays The Face 2001 PEN USA West Freedom-to-Write Award, middleton Fellowship, University of Southern California, USA2002 Imbongi Yesizwe Poetry International Award, South Africa.
2003 Lannan Foundation Literary Fellowship, USA Hellman/Hammet Grant from Human Rights Watch, USA
Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie
Jean-Jacques Blaise dAbbadie was the French Director-general of the Colony of Louisiana. He served from February 1763 until he died in two years later, in New Orleans. Born at Château dAudoux, near Navarrenx, Basses Pyrénées, France,1726, dAbbadie was educated at College dHarcourt and he entered the royal service as a clerk in the lumber-receiving department of the Rochefort naval yard. He would serve as a scribe in the comptrollers office in 1743. Jean-Jacques served aboard a French man-of-war in the Antilles in 1745 as well as in Canadian waters in 1746. Captured by English forces in 1746, he was held as a prisoner of war until the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle set him free, and after being freed in 1748, he returned to the French naval bureaucracy. He was promoted to rank of clerk of the artillery department in 1751. DAbbadie served aboard a small French naval squadron that unsuccessfully attempted to deliver provisions to beleaguered Louisbourg, Cape Breton Island, commissioned ordonnateur of Louisiana, December 29,1761.
Shortly after departing Bordeaux, DAbbadies ship was captured by English warships, subsequently held as prisoner of war at Barbados for three months, returned to France following his release. Commissioned director-general of Louisiana, February 10,1763, position formed by consolidation of former governors and ordonnateurs positions, ordered by the Crown to dismantle the colonys French garrison and prepare Louisiana for occupation by English and Spanish forces pursuant to the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Departed Rochefort, for Louisiana, March 1763, arrived at the mouth of the Mississippi River, prepared for the transfer of the Angoumois Regiment from Louisiana to Saint-Domingue, July,1763. Departed New Orleans for Mobile, Alabama to assist British forces in occupying West Florida, was bitterly attacked by New Orleans merchants for having given the LaClède-Chouteau interests exclusive trading privileges with the Indians of Upper Louisiana,1764. During his administration, abortive attempt made to produce sugar commercially in Louisiana and he died in New Orleans on February 4,1765.
DAbbadies remains lie in the St. Louis Cathedral, in the part of New Orleans known as the French Quarter and he was the only French colonial governor to die in the colony. There is a New Orleans street named for him, although its a slight misspelling, DAbadie Street
Carlo Abarth, born Karl Albert Abarth, was an automobile designer. Abarth was born in Austria, but was naturalized as an Italian citizen, Abarth was born in Vienna, during the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. As a teenager, he worked for Castagna in Italy, designing motorbike, back in Austria, he worked for Motor Thun and Joseph Opawsky, and raced motorbikes, winning his first race on a James Cycle in Salzburg on 29 July 1928. He would be European champion five times, along with continuing his engineering, after a serious accident in Linz he abandoned motorbike racing, and designed a sidecar with which he managed to beat the Orient Express railway on the 1, 300-kilometre stretch from Vienna to Ostend. He moved permanently to Italy in 1934, where he met Ferdinand Porsches son-in-law Anton Piëch, in 1938 Abarth was long hospitalized and had his racing career end, due to a racing accident in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia. He remained in country until the war was over. Following this, he moved to Merano, where his ancestors originated from, the first automobile outcome of this cooperation was the rather unsuccessful Tipo 360 F1 prototype.
The CIS Italia project ended when Dusio moved to Argentina, Abarth founded the Abarth & C. company with Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini in Bologna, using his astrological sign, the scorpion, as the company logo. The same year, Abarth & Co moved to Turin, financed by Scagliarinis father Armando Scagliarini, the company made racing cars, and became a major supplier of high-performance exhaust pipes, that still are in production as Abarth. On 20 October 1965 Abarth personally set various speed records at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza and he sold the company on 31 July 1971 to Fiat, although he continued to manage it as a CEO for a period. Later he moved back to Vienna, where he died in 1979, Carlo Abarth was married three times. His first wife was the secretary of Anton Piëch in Vienna and he married his second wife, Nadina Abarth-Zerjav, in 1949. They lived together until 1966, and divorced in 1979, the same year, about six weeks before his death, Abarth married his third wife, Anneliese Abarth, she continues to head the Carlo Abarth Foundation and wrote one of his biographies in 2010.
Carlo Abarth, Mein Leben mit dem genialen Autokonstrukteur, official Abarth site Fiat Abarth Photos abarth works museum - Lier - Belgium a tribute to Carlo Abarth - Scuderia La Fortuna
Beverly Elaine Aadland was an American film actress. She appeared in films including South Pacific, as a teenager, she co-starred in the Errol Flynn film Cuban Rebel Girls, and entered a relationship with him. Aadland was born in Hollywood and she entered show business as a youngster, appearing in the film Death of a Salesman. Beverly Elaine Aadland was 17 at the time she was with actor Errol Flynn when he died of an attack on October 14,1959 in Vancouver. The book was made into a play starring Tracey Ullman. Beverly Aadland gave an account of her relationship with Flynn in People in 1988 and her relationship with Flynn was the subject of the 2013 movie The Last of Robin Hood. Aadland was played by Dakota Fanning, in 1960 William Stanciu, her boyfriend, died in her apartment after being shot in a struggle between the two. That event led to her being a ward of the court for the following year, Aadland was married and divorced twice before she married Ronald Fisher in the late 1960s. Beverly Fisher née Aadland died on January 5,2010 at the Lancaster Community Hospital from complications of diabetes and congestive heart failure
Veikko Aaltonen is a Finnish director, sound editor, production manager and film and television writer and actor. Aaltonen began his career in the working as a sound editor on various films. Early in his career he worked with Rauni Mollberg as co-writer on two of his films and The Unknown Soldier, in 1987 Aaltonen directed his first feature film, which he co-wrote with Aki Kaurismäki, who produced the film. Five years he directed a film that has considered his primary breakthrough. Aaltonen has made documentaries and directed TV series, the Worthless – actor Crime and Punishment – editor The Unknown Soldier – co-writer La Vie de Bohème – editor Our Father