Category:German commanders at the Battle of Stalingrad
Pages in category "German commanders at the Battle of Stalingrad"
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Hans-Valentin Hube – Hans-Valentin Hube was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He commanded several panzer divisions during the invasions of Poland, France and he was a recipient of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, Nazi Germanys highest military decoration. Hube died in an air crash on 21 April 1944, hans-Valentin Hube was born on 29 October 1890, in Naumburg an der Saale, German Empire. In 1918, following the end of the war ended with the German Empires defeat and subsequent collapse. Hube took part in the invasion of Poland and the Battle of France as a regimental commander and he was appointed commander of 16th Infantry Division in June 1940. As commander of the 16th Panzer Division, he took part in Operation Barbarossa as part of Marshal Gerd von Rundstedts Army Group South, for this action during the campaign, Hube got the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross. On 16 January 1942, he was awarded the Oak leaves to the Knights Cross for his actions in the Battle of Kiev, Hube then led the division during Fall Blau and the Battle of Stalingrad. In September 1942, Hube was given command of XIV Panzer Corps, Hube commanded the XIVth Corps during the Soviet counter-offensive, Operation Uranus. He was promoted to Generalleutnant and received the Swords to the Knights Cross with Oakleaves from Adolf Hitler personally on 21 December 1942. During his time at the Führer-Headquarters in Rastenburg, Hube argued strongly, instead, Hitler promised a new relief attack beginning in the middle of Feb. Hube conveyed that plan to Paulus upon his return to the cauldron. However, Hube was then ordered to fly out again on 10 Jan. to reorganize the supply of the 6th Army, after the destruction of the 6th Army, Hube was sent to the Mediterranean front. He created Gruppe Hube in Sicily, an army-sized formation whose task was to defend German positions on the island, with the advent of Operation Husky on 10 July, Hube commanded the overall German defence. On 17 July 1943 Hube was given command of all army, Hube organised the evacuation to the Italian peninsula. He had prepared a defensive line, the Etna Line around Messina. Patton began his assault on the line at Troina, but it was a linchpin of the defense, despite three end run amphibious landings the Germans managed to keep the bulk of their forces beyond reach of capture, and maintain their evacuation plans. Withdrawing a large number of troops from the threat of capture on Sicily represented a major success for the Axis, Hube was later involved in the battles defending positions at Salerno during the Allied Operation Avalanche. Hube was moved back to Germany to take command of the Führer-Reserve OKH, on 23 October 1943, Hube was delegated as commander of the 200,000 man 1st Panzer Army, then serving with Army Group South under Field Marshal Erich von Manstein. In February 1944, Hube was officially confirmed as commander of the 1st Panzer Army, panzerkorps, one of Hubes units, was required to assist German forces breaking out of the Korsun-Cherkassy Pocket
2. Friedrich Paulus – Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus was an officer in the German military from 1910 to 1945. The battle ended in disaster for Nazi Germany when Soviet forces encircled and defeated about 265,000 personnel of the Wehrmacht, their Axis allies, of the 107,000 Axis servicemen captured, only 6,000 survived captivity and returned home by 1955. Soviet troops took Paulus by surprise and captured him in Stalingrad on 31 January 1943, Hitler expected Paulus to commit suicide, repeating to his staff that there was no precedent of a German field marshal ever being captured alive. While in Soviet captivity during the war, Paulus became a critic of the Nazi regime. He moved to the German Democratic Republic in 1953, Paulus was born in Guxhagen and grew up in Kassel, Hesse-Nassau, the son of a treasurer. He tried, unsuccessfully, to secure a cadetship in the Imperial German Navy, after leaving the university without a degree, he joined the 111th Infantry Regiment as an officer cadet in February 1910. On 4 July 1912 he married the Romanian Elena Rosetti-Solescu, the sister of a colleague who served in the same regiment. When World War I began, Pauluss regiment was part of the thrust into France, after a leave of absence due to illness, he joined the Alpenkorps as a staff officer, serving in Macedonia, France, Romania and Serbia. By the end of the war, he was a captain, after the Armistice, Paulus was a brigade adjutant with the Freikorps. He was chosen as one of only 4,000 officers to serve in the Reichswehr and he was assigned to the 13th Infantry Regiment at Stuttgart as a company commander. He served in staff positions for over a decade and then briefly commanded a motorized battalion before being named chief of staff for the Panzer headquarters in October 1935. This was a new formation under the direction of Oswald Lutz that directed the training, in February 1938 Paulus was appointed Chef des Generalstabes to Guderians new XVI Armeekorps, which replaced Lutzs command. Guderian described him as clever, conscientious, hard working, original and talented’ but already had doubts about his decisiveness, toughness. He remained in that post until May 1939, when he was promoted to general and became chief of staff for the German Tenth Army. The unit was renamed the Sixth Army, and engaged in the offensives of 1940 through the Netherlands. Paulus was promoted to lieutenant general in August 1940, the following month he was named deputy chief of the German General Staff. In that role he helped draft the plans for the invasion of the Soviet Union. However, he took over his new command on 20 January
3. Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke – Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 162 enemy aircraft shot down in 732 combat missions. He claimed the majority of his victories over the Eastern Front, born in Schrimm in the Province of Posen, Wilcke volunteered for military service in the Reichswehr of the Third Reich in 1934. Initially serving in the Heer, he transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1935, following flight training, he was posted to Jagdgeschwader Richthofen in April 1936. After an assignment as fighter pilot instructor he volunteered for service with the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War in early 1939, after his return from Spain, he was appointed Staffelkapitän of the 7. Following the outbreak of World War II, he claimed his first aerial victory on 7 November 1939, on 18 May 1940, during the Battle of France, he was shot down and taken prisoner of war. After the armistice with France, he returned from captivity and was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of the III, Gruppe of JG53 during the Battle of Britain, claiming 10 victories over England. Wilcke then fought in the battles of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union. There, after 25 aerial victories, he was awarded the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross on 6 August 1941, in September 1941, he relocated with his group to the Mediterranean Theater, where he was able to claim further victories. At the end of May 1942, he was transferred to the Stab of Jagdgeschwader 3 Udet, following his 100th aerial victory on 6 September, he received the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. During the Battle of Stalingrad, on 17 December, he claimed his 150th aerial victory, on 23 December 1942, he was awarded the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, his total now 155 aerial victories. Subsequent to the presentation of the Swords to his Knights Cross, Wilcke was born on 11 March 1913 at Schrimm in the Province of Posen, part of the Kingdom of Prussia at the time, now Śrem in the Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland. He was the son of a Hauptmann of Infanterie-Regiment 47, Hans Wilcke and his mother, Hertha von Schuckmann, married again on 14 June 1919. In 1931, Wilcke was arrested for attending a demonstration of the Nazi Party. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 53, he had the Swastikas on his units aircraft painted over and he volunteered for military service in the Reichswehr after receiving his Abitur. He joined Artillerie-Regiment 6 in Minden as a Fahnenjunker on 1 April 1934 and his legal guardian and stepfather, Friedrich von Scotti, also served in this regiment. As a Fähnrich, Wilcke was posted to the Kriegsschule in Dresden on 1 October 1934, on 1 November 1935, he was transferred to the newly emerging Luftwaffe holding the rank of Oberfähnrich. On 20 April 1936, while serving at the school in Perleberg. There he excelled as a pilot and showed exceptional ability and was sent as fighter pilot instructor to the Jagdfliegerschule in Werneuchen in the second half of 1937
4. Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach – Walther Kurt von Seydlitz-Kurzbach was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Seydlitz-Kurzbach was relieved of his command in early 1943 and then abandoned the German army lines under German fire to surrender to the Red Army. He became a Soviet collaborator while a prisoner of war, after the war he was convicted by the Soviet Union of war crimes. In 1996, he was pardoned by Russia. Seydlitz-Kurzbach was born in Hamburg, Germany, into the noble Prussian Seydlitz family, during World War I he served on both fronts as an officer. During the Weimar Republic, he remained an officer in the Reichswehr. The corps was subordinated to the Sixth Army during the Battle of Stalingrad, on 25 January 1943, he told his subordinate officers that they were free to decide for themselves on whether to surrender. Paulus immediately relieved him of command of his three divisions, a few days later, Seydlitz fled the German lines under fire from his own side with a group of other officers. He was taken into Soviet custody, where he was interrogated by Captain Nikolay Dyatlenko and he was identified by the interrogations as a potential collaborator. In August 1943, he was taken two other Generals to a political re-education center at Lunovo. A month later, he was sent back to prisoner of war camps to recruit other German officers. He was a leader in the forming under Soviet supervision of an anti-Nazi organization and he was condemned by many of his fellow generals for his collaboration with the Soviet Union. He was sentenced to death in absentia by Hitlers government and his role in Soviet propaganda was largely equivalent to that of Andrey Vlasov in Nazi propaganda. In 1949 he was charged with war crimes and he was put on trial for responsibility for actions against Soviet POWs and the civilian population while in Wehrmacht service. In 1950, a Soviet tribunal sentenced him to 25 years’ imprisonment, but in 1955 he was released to West Germany, Seydlitz died on 28 April 1976 in Bremen. On 23 April 1996 a posthumous pardon was issued by Russian authorities, Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class Clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Knights Cross on 15 August 1940 as Generalmajor and commander of 12. Infanterie-Division Oak Leaves on 31 December 1941 as Generalmajor and commander of 12, infanterie-Division Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach in the German National Library catalogue
5. Arthur Schmidt (soldier) – Arthur Schmidt was an officer in the German military from 1914 to 1943. He was a prisoner of war in the Soviet Union for twelve years, Schmidt joined the army as a one-year volunteer on 10 August 1914, attaining the rank of Leutnant on 8 May 1915. Schmidt held various positions in the Heer, including chief of operations in Fifth Army, on 25 October 1940 he served as chief of staff in 5th Army Corps, a position he held until 25 March 1942, when he moved to the Führerreserve at Oberkommando des Heeres. On 26 January 1942 he was awarded the German Cross in Gold, the British historian and author Antony Beevor offers the following description of Schmidt, a slim, sharp-featured and sharp-tongued staff officer from a Hamburg mercantile family. Schmidt, confident of his own abilities, put many backs up within Sixth Army headquarters, Paulus relied greatly on his judgement, and as a result he played a large, some say an excessive, role in determining the course of events later that year. Many false reports of the massing of Soviet forces were received from the Romanian sector, Paulus and Schmidt realised that Sixth Army was encircled on 21 November. At Nizhne-Chirskaya on 22 November, Schmidt told 8th Air Corpss commander, General Martin Fiebig and he was told that The Luftwaffe doesnt have enough aircraft. Later that day, Schmidt and Paulus held a conference attended by General Hermann Hoth and Major-General Pickert and he re-emphasised that before Sixth Army could break out to the south, We must have fuel and ammunition delivered by the Luftwaffe. When told that this was impossible, he replied that more than 10,000 wounded and that would be a Napoleonic ending. All the while, Paulus remained silent, the time he spoke during the conference was to agree with his chief of staff. On the afternoon of 22 November, Schmidt flew with Paulus to the new Sixth Army HQ at Gumrak and that evening the Soviet encirclement of Axis forces was confirmed in a signal Paulus sent to Hitler. Schmidt contacted his corps commanders and, in defiance of Hitlers order to stand firm, Paulus and Schmidt started planning for the breakout that evening, despite receiving another message from Hitler that they must stand firm and await relief. However, on 24 November Sixth Army received a further Führer order relayed from Army Group B and we reacted to this order with astonishment, since we had expected some sort of discussion with the Army Group, and were fairly certain of the breakout. Paulus and I came separately to the same conclusion and it now seemed more impossible than ever to act against an order of the High Command or Army Group. This decision to stand firm in a hedgehog defence sealed Sixth Armys fate, interrogation of captured German officers led Soviet commanders to realise that, because of the toll of events on Pauluss nerves, Schmidt was the real commander of the defending forces. According to Beevor, were convinced that Paulus was virtually a prisoner in his own headquarters. Dyatlenko had no doubt that Schmidt was the eyes and hand of the Nazi Party in the Sixth Army, because captured officers reported that Schmidt was commanding the Army and these characteristics of Paulus and Schmidt would prove fatal to the trapped garrison of Stalingrad. The envoys were even fired on, Paulus denied that he had ordered this, according to Pois and Langer, chief of staff, Arthur Schmidt, a committed National Socialist to the end, seemed to represent Hitler for Paulus, indeed, probably was Hitler at Stalingrad
6. Walter Heitz – Walter Heitz was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He commanded the VIII Army Corps on the Eastern Front, Heitz surrendered the central cauldron during the Battle of Stalingrad on 31 Jan.1943. Heitz died of cancer in February 1944 while in Soviet captivity, clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class & 1st Class German Cross in Gold on 22 April 1942 as General der Artillerie and commanding general of the VIII. Armeekorps Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Knights Cross on 4 September 1940 as General der Artillerie, armeekorps 156th Oak Leaves on 21 December 1942 als General der Artillerie and commanding general of the VIII