.5: The Gray Chapter
.5, The Gray Chapter is the fifth studio album by American metal band Slipknot. It was released in Australia and the Netherlands on October 17,2014, the album includes five singles and has received commercial success and acclaiming reviews. A standard and deluxe edition of the album was released, the Negative One received a nomination for Best Metal Performance at the 57th annual Grammy Awards. The album was nominated for Best Rock Album the following year, the writing process of the record began in late 2013. Wanting to dedicate time to the album, guitarist Jim Root decided not to tour with Stone Sour in January 2014. According to frontman Corey Taylor, the sound of the album is somewhat of a cross between 2001s Iowa and 2004s Vol.3. Taylor stated that the material contains gorgeous melodies and the direction as Vol.3. A new bassist and drummer were added to the lineup during live shows, Taylor told Loudwire that two similar masks were created for their appearances in music videos and stage performances, as they felt it was disrespectful to have them sporting unique masks.
Both members were shown in the music video for The Devil In I. Bassist Alessandro Venturella of Krokodil was identified by the tattoos on his hands. Jay Weinberg from the band Against Me. was brought in to audition on drums after Joey Jordison was fired from Slipknot, jay Weinberg is the son of Max Weinberg the drummer for Bruce Springsteens E Street Band and Conan OBriens Drummer/band leader for his late night talk show. The album was produced by Greg Fidelman and mixed by Joe Barresi, Fidelman is known for his work with Metallica, System of a Down and more, as well as mixing Slipknots third album, Vol.3, in 2004. The song was released on August 1,2014 and a video was released on August 5,2014. It was directed by Shawn Crahan, however, it did not feature any of the band members, on August 13,2014 the band revealed the cover art for their official radio single entitled The Devil in I, and the single premiered on August 24,2014. A co-headline North American tour with Korn dubbed the Prepare for Hell tour will commence afterwards with King 810 in support and Korn are embarking on the British leg of the Prepare For Hell tour in January 2015.
In addition to the edition, a deluxe edition featuring two listed and three unlisted bonus tracks, and a special edition featuring a T-shirt of the album cover have been released. The albums lead single, The Negative One, was nominated for the 2014 Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance at the 57th Grammy Awards. It was Slipknots second album to debut at number one on the US Billboard 200 albums chart by selling 132,000 copies in its first week, the album debuted at number one in Japan, Canada and Switzerland
"How's my driving?" sign
A hows my driving sign is a decal posted or painted on a back of a fleet vehicle or other vehicle operated by an employee driver. The decal usually has a number or website address and other identifying information so that the public can call. Depending on the company, the number or website is monitored by the vehicles owner or by a third-party company. Similar programs have implemented for vehicles driven by teenagers in hopes of improving the safety of teenage drivers. Use of How’s My Driving regimes for systems other than traffic have been discussed, in relation to eBay and Wikipedia. The purpose of the decal is to increase safety, as those who know they are driving a vehicle with a decal would want to drive more safely in order to not draw complaints. About 10% of vehicles bearing this decal become the target of complaints, a small percentage of calls are to compliment drivers. Studies have found that displaying the decal are involved in 22% fewer accidents. Some insurance companies offer discounts to fleets that display the decal, other countries are starting to experiment with similar programs, for example Germany.
Truck companies use the reports to spot problem drivers, complaints received by motorists may or may not affect the employment status of the operator of the vehicle. In the worst cases, complaints may result in a reprimand against the operator and possibly termination
1 May 1944 Kaisariani executions
Greece had been under the Metaxas Regime since 1936. Greeks were persecuted and put in prison, chiefly in the Akronauplia and Corfu prisons, with the German invasion of Greece and the start of the Axis Occupation of Greece in April 1941, the prisoners were placed under German control. On 27 April 1944, ELAS partisans ambushed and killed German General Franz Krech, in addition, the German proclamation reported that under the impression of this crime, Greek volunteers on their own initiative killed a further 100 fighters. On 30 April, the news of the impending executions spread in the Haidari camp, interpreting this move as a cover for their execution, all Akronauplia prisoners said their goodbyes to their comrades, and an impromptu farewell party was held in cell block 3 of the camp. On the next morning, the Chalkis inmates were moved from the camp on trucks, the 200 prisoners were brought to the Kaisariani rifle range, where they were executed in batches of twenty. The corpses were buried in the 3rd Athens Cemetery, the executions were a seminal event of the Greek Resistance against the Axis forces, and resonate among the Greek Left to this day.
When on 1 May 1950 the celebration of the International Workers Day was permitted for the first time since 1936, the crowd demanded amnesty for political offenses and the release of the over 20,000 political prisoners still held on the island Makronisos and elsewhere. While there, Weizsäcker mentioned the names of other places in Greece where the German Wehrmacht had perpetrated massacres, Distomo, Kommeno, Lingiades. The move was interpreted as a symbolic gesture of defiance towards Germany
1-planar graphs were first studied by Ringel, who showed that they can be colored with at most seven colors. Later, the number of colors needed to color these graphs. The example of the complete graph K6, which is 1-planar, the proof that six colors are always enough is more complicated. This can obviously be done using eight colors by applying the four color theorem to the graph and its dual graph separately. A vertex coloring of the graph corresponds to a vertex-face coloring of the original planar graph. This auxiliary graph is 1-planar, from which it follows that Ringels vertex-face coloring problem may be solved with six colors, every 1-planar graph with n vertices has at most 4n −8 edges. However, unlike planar graphs, there exist maximal 1-planar graphs that have fewer than 4n −8 edges. A 1-planar graph is said to be an optimal 1-planar graph if it has exactly 4n −8 edges, in a 1-planar embedding of an optimal 1-planar graph, the uncrossed edges necessarily form a quadrangulation. Every quadrangulation gives rise to an optimal 1-planar graph in this way and it follows that every optimal 1-planar graph is Eulerian, that the minimum degree in such a graph is six, and that every optimal 1-planar graph has at least eight vertices of degree exactly six.
Additionally, every optimal 1-planar graph is 4-vertex-connected, and every 4-vertex cut in such a graph is a cycle in the underlying quadrangulation. The graphs that have straight 1-planar drawings have a tighter bound of 4n −9 on the maximum number of edges. A complete classification of the 1-planar complete graphs, complete bipartite graphs, every complete bipartite graph of the form K2, n is 1-planar, as is every complete tripartite graph of the form K1,1, n. Other than these infinite sets of examples, the only complete multipartite 1-planar graphs are K6, K1,1,1,6, K1,1,2,3, K2,2,2,2, K1,1,1,2,2, and their subgraphs. The minimal non-1-planar complete multipartite graphs are K3,7, K4,5, K1,3,4, K2,3,3, and K1,1,1,1,3. For instance, the bipartite graph K3,6 is 1-planar because it is a subgraph of K1,1,1,6. It is NP-complete to test whether a graph is 1-planar. The problem is tractable when parameterized by cyclomatic number or by tree-depth. In contrast to Fárys theorem for graphs, not every 1-planar graph may be drawn 1-planarly with straight line segments for its edges
'03 Bonnie & Clyde
03 Bonnie & Clyde is a song recorded by American rapper Jay-Z featuring his then-girlfriend, American singer Beyoncé. The song was released as the lead single on October 10,2002. An East Coast hip hop and R&B song,03 Bonnie & Clyde sampled its beat from American rapper Tupac Shakurs 1996 song Me and My Girlfriend, the instrumentation is based on programmed drums, bass instruments, and a flamenco guitar, accompanied by Puerto Rican singer Ricky Martin. 03 Bonnie & Clyde was generally received favorable reviews by music critics, who complimented the combination of Jay-Zs and Beyoncés musical styles, their collaboration. The single reached number four on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Jay-Zs second top ten single and it charted at number two in the United Kingdom and peaked in the top twenty in other European territories. 03 Bonnie & Clyde was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America, the accompanying music video was directed by Chris Robinson, and features Jay-Z and Beyoncé playing a modern-day version of the 1920s bank robbers Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.
It was nominated for Best Hip-Hop Video at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards,03 Bonnie & Clyde spawned a feud with American recording artist Toni Braxton, who had sampled Me and My Girlfriend in her 2002 song Me & My Boyfriend. She accused West and Jay-Z of stealing the idea of using the song as a sample,03 Bonnie & Clyde marked the first collaboration between rapper Jay-Z and R&B singer Beyoncé. West told MTV News that Jay-Z had asked him on the telephone for a duet for him and Beyoncé, We got this joint, it has to be the best beat you ever made. He continued, So I went home and called my dog, E Base, I programmed the drums in 10 minutes, and he played all the different parts. This version is all live bass, live guitars, chords on it, I brought it to Hov that night, he heard it, he thought of the video treatment before he thought of the rap. He just knew it was gonna be the one, tensions arose during the conception of 03 Bonnie & Clyde over the sampling of Me and My Girlfriend. Senior Vice President of A&R Tina Davis commented on the issue, We only had one day to clear the sample that was used on 03 Bonnie and Clyde last year with Jay-Z and we were back and forth with Afeni Shakur all day until we got the clearance.
03 Bonnie & Clyde was released on October 10,2002, as the single from Jay-Zs album The Blueprint². Beyoncé included the song as a track on international editions of her 2003 debut solo album Dangerously in Love. In 2003, Now Thats What I Call Music, included 03 Bonnie & Clyde as the opening track of the 12th volume of the US release and the fifteenth track of the 54th volume of the UK release. The songs release was the first indication of Jay-Zs and Beyoncés romantic status and their relationship was not made public until Jay-Z featured on Beyoncés songs Crazy In Love and Déjà Vu. It was announced that they had been dating since recording 03 Bonnie & Clyde, the latters release marked the debut of the solo career of Beyoncé, leaving Destinys Child on hiatus